[][src]Struct rocket::Response

pub struct Response<'r> { /* fields omitted */ }

A response, as returned by types implementing Responder.

Methods

impl<'r> Response<'r>[src]

pub fn new() -> Response<'r>[src]

Creates a new, empty Response without a status, body, or headers. Because all HTTP responses must have a status, if a default Response is written to the client without a status, the status defaults to 200 Ok.

Example

use rocket::Response;
use rocket::http::Status;

let mut response = Response::new();

assert_eq!(response.status(), Status::Ok);
assert_eq!(response.headers().len(), 0);
assert!(response.body().is_none());

pub fn build() -> ResponseBuilder<'r>[src]

Returns a ResponseBuilder with a base of Response::new().

Example

use rocket::Response;

let builder = Response::build();

pub fn build_from(other: Response<'r>) -> ResponseBuilder<'r>[src]

Returns a ResponseBuilder with a base of other.

Example

use rocket::Response;

let other = Response::new();
let builder = Response::build_from(other);

pub fn status(&self) -> Status[src]

Returns the status of self.

Example

use rocket::Response;
use rocket::http::Status;

let mut response = Response::new();
assert_eq!(response.status(), Status::Ok);

response.set_status(Status::NotFound);
assert_eq!(response.status(), Status::NotFound);

pub fn set_status(&mut self, status: Status)[src]

Sets the status of self to status.

Example

use rocket::Response;
use rocket::http::Status;

let mut response = Response::new();
response.set_status(Status::ImATeapot);
assert_eq!(response.status(), Status::ImATeapot);

pub fn content_type(&self) -> Option<ContentType>[src]

Returns the Content-Type header of self. If the header is not present or is malformed, returns None.

Example

use rocket::Response;
use rocket::http::ContentType;

let mut response = Response::new();
response.set_header(ContentType::HTML);
assert_eq!(response.content_type(), Some(ContentType::HTML));

pub fn set_raw_status(&mut self, code: u16, reason: &'static str)[src]

Sets the status of self to a custom status with status code code and reason phrase reason. This method should be used sparingly; prefer to use set_status instead.

Example

use rocket::Response;
use rocket::http::Status;

let mut response = Response::new();
response.set_raw_status(699, "Tripped a Wire");
assert_eq!(response.status(), Status::new(699, "Tripped a Wire"));

Important traits for Vec<u8>
pub fn cookies(&self) -> Vec<Cookie>[src]

Returns a vector of the cookies set in self as identified by the Set-Cookie header. Malformed cookies are skipped.

Example

use rocket::Response;
use rocket::http::Cookie;

let mut response = Response::new();
response.set_header(Cookie::new("hello", "world!"));
assert_eq!(response.cookies(), vec![Cookie::new("hello", "world!")]);

pub fn headers(&self) -> &HeaderMap<'r>[src]

Returns a HeaderMap of all of the headers in self.

Example

use rocket::Response;
use rocket::http::Header;

let mut response = Response::new();
response.adjoin_raw_header("X-Custom", "1");
response.adjoin_raw_header("X-Custom", "2");

let mut custom_headers = response.headers().iter();
assert_eq!(custom_headers.next(), Some(Header::new("X-Custom", "1")));
assert_eq!(custom_headers.next(), Some(Header::new("X-Custom", "2")));
assert_eq!(custom_headers.next(), None);

pub fn set_header<'h: 'r, H: Into<Header<'h>>>(&mut self, header: H) -> bool[src]

Sets the header header in self. Any existing headers with the name header.name will be lost, and only header will remain. The type of header can be any type that implements Into<Header>. This includes Header itself, ContentType and hyper::header types.

Example

use rocket::Response;
use rocket::http::ContentType;

let mut response = Response::new();

response.set_header(ContentType::HTML);
assert_eq!(response.headers().iter().next(), Some(ContentType::HTML.into()));
assert_eq!(response.headers().len(), 1);

response.set_header(ContentType::JSON);
assert_eq!(response.headers().iter().next(), Some(ContentType::JSON.into()));
assert_eq!(response.headers().len(), 1);

pub fn set_raw_header<'a: 'r, 'b: 'r, N, V>(
    &mut self,
    name: N,
    value: V
) -> bool where
    N: Into<Cow<'a, str>>,
    V: Into<Cow<'b, str>>, 
[src]

Sets the custom header with name name and value value in self. Any existing headers with the same name will be lost, and the new custom header will remain. This method should be used sparingly; prefer to use set_header instead.

Example

use rocket::Response;
use rocket::http::Header;

let mut response = Response::new();

response.set_raw_header("X-Custom", "1");
assert_eq!(response.headers().get_one("X-Custom"), Some("1"));
assert_eq!(response.headers().len(), 1);

response.set_raw_header("X-Custom", "2");
assert_eq!(response.headers().get_one("X-Custom"), Some("2"));
assert_eq!(response.headers().len(), 1);

pub fn adjoin_header<'h: 'r, H: Into<Header<'h>>>(&mut self, header: H)[src]

Adds the header header to self. If self contains headers with the name header.name, another header with the same name and value header.value is added. The type of header can be any type that implements Into<Header>. This includes Header itself, ContentType and hyper::header types.

Example

use rocket::Response;
use rocket::http::hyper::header::Accept;

let mut response = Response::new();
response.adjoin_header(Accept::json());
response.adjoin_header(Accept::text());

let mut accept_headers = response.headers().iter();
assert_eq!(accept_headers.next(), Some(Accept::json().into()));
assert_eq!(accept_headers.next(), Some(Accept::text().into()));
assert_eq!(accept_headers.next(), None);

pub fn adjoin_raw_header<'a: 'r, 'b: 'r, N, V>(&mut self, name: N, value: V) where
    N: Into<Cow<'a, str>>,
    V: Into<Cow<'b, str>>, 
[src]

Adds a custom header with name name and value value to self. If self already contains headers with the name name, another header with the same name and value is added. The type of header can be any type implements Into<Header>. This includes Header itself, ContentType and hyper::header types.

Example

use rocket::Response;
use rocket::http::Header;

let mut response = Response::new();
response.adjoin_raw_header("X-Custom", "one");
response.adjoin_raw_header("X-Custom", "two");

let mut custom_headers = response.headers().iter();
assert_eq!(custom_headers.next(), Some(Header::new("X-Custom", "one")));
assert_eq!(custom_headers.next(), Some(Header::new("X-Custom", "two")));
assert_eq!(custom_headers.next(), None);

pub fn remove_header(&mut self, name: &str)[src]

Removes all headers with the name name.

Example

use rocket::Response;

let mut response = Response::new();

response.adjoin_raw_header("X-Custom", "one");
response.adjoin_raw_header("X-Custom", "two");
response.adjoin_raw_header("X-Other", "hi");
assert_eq!(response.headers().len(), 3);

response.remove_header("X-Custom");
assert_eq!(response.headers().len(), 1);

pub fn body(&mut self) -> Option<Body<&mut dyn Read>>[src]

Returns a mutable borrow of the body of self, if there is one. The body is borrowed mutably to allow for reading.

Example

use std::io::Cursor;
use rocket::Response;

let mut response = Response::new();
assert!(response.body().is_none());

response.set_sized_body(Cursor::new("Hello, world!"));
assert_eq!(response.body_string(), Some("Hello, world!".to_string()));

pub fn body_string(&mut self) -> Option<String>[src]

Consumes self's body and reads it into a string. If self doesn't have a body, reading fails, or string conversion (for non-UTF-8 bodies) fails, returns None. Note that self's body is consumed after a call to this method.

Example

use std::io::Cursor;
use rocket::Response;

let mut response = Response::new();
assert!(response.body().is_none());

response.set_sized_body(Cursor::new("Hello, world!"));
assert_eq!(response.body_string(), Some("Hello, world!".to_string()));
assert!(response.body().is_none());

pub fn body_bytes(&mut self) -> Option<Vec<u8>>[src]

Consumes self's body and reads it into a Vec of u8 bytes. If self doesn't have a body or reading fails returns None. Note that self's body is consumed after a call to this method.

Example

use std::io::Cursor;
use rocket::Response;

let mut response = Response::new();
assert!(response.body().is_none());

response.set_sized_body(Cursor::new("hi!"));
assert_eq!(response.body_bytes(), Some(vec![0x68, 0x69, 0x21]));
assert!(response.body().is_none());

pub fn take_body(&mut self) -> Option<Body<Box<dyn Read + 'r>>>[src]

Moves the body of self out and returns it, if there is one, leaving no body in its place.

Example

use std::io::Cursor;
use rocket::Response;

let mut response = Response::new();
assert!(response.body().is_none());

response.set_sized_body(Cursor::new("Hello, world!"));
assert!(response.body().is_some());

let body = response.take_body();
let body_string = body.and_then(|b| b.into_string());
assert_eq!(body_string, Some("Hello, world!".to_string()));
assert!(response.body().is_none());

pub fn set_sized_body<B>(&mut self, body: B) where
    B: Read + Seek + 'r, 
[src]

Sets the body of self to be the fixed-sized body. The size of the body is obtained by seeking to the end and then seeking back to the start.

Panics

If either seek fails, this method panics. If you believe it is possible for seek to panic for B, use set_raw_body instead.

Example

use std::io::Cursor;
use rocket::Response;

let mut response = Response::new();
response.set_sized_body(Cursor::new("Hello, world!"));
assert_eq!(response.body_string(), Some("Hello, world!".to_string()));

pub fn set_streamed_body<B>(&mut self, body: B) where
    B: Read + 'r, 
[src]

Sets the body of self to be body, which will be streamed. The chunk size of the stream is DEFAULT_CHUNK_SIZE. Use set_chunked_body for custom chunk sizes.

Example

use std::io::{Read, repeat};
use rocket::Response;

let mut response = Response::new();
response.set_streamed_body(repeat(97).take(5));
assert_eq!(response.body_string(), Some("aaaaa".to_string()));

pub fn set_chunked_body<B>(&mut self, body: B, chunk_size: u64) where
    B: Read + 'r, 
[src]

Sets the body of self to be body, which will be streamed with chunk size chunk_size.

Example

use std::io::{Read, repeat};
use rocket::Response;

let mut response = Response::new();
response.set_chunked_body(repeat(97).take(5), 10);
assert_eq!(response.body_string(), Some("aaaaa".to_string()));

pub fn set_raw_body<T: Read + 'r>(&mut self, body: Body<T>)[src]

Sets the body of self to be body. This method should typically not be used, opting instead for one of set_sized_body, set_streamed_body, or set_chunked_body.

Example

use std::io::Cursor;
use rocket::response::{Response, Body};

let body = Body::Sized(Cursor::new("Hello!"), 6);

let mut response = Response::new();
response.set_raw_body(body);

assert_eq!(response.body_string(), Some("Hello!".to_string()));

pub fn merge(&mut self, other: Response<'r>)[src]

Replaces this response's status and body with that of other, if they exist in other. Any headers that exist in other replace the ones in self. Any in self that aren't in other remain in self.

Example

use rocket::Response;
use rocket::http::{Status, ContentType};

let base = Response::build()
    .status(Status::NotFound)
    .header(ContentType::HTML)
    .raw_header("X-Custom", "value 1")
    .finalize();

let response = Response::build()
    .status(Status::ImATeapot)
    .raw_header("X-Custom", "value 2")
    .raw_header_adjoin("X-Custom", "value 3")
    .merge(base)
    .finalize();

assert_eq!(response.status(), Status::NotFound);

let ctype: Vec<_> = response.headers().get("Content-Type").collect();
assert_eq!(ctype, vec![ContentType::HTML.to_string()]);

let custom_values: Vec<_> = response.headers().get("X-Custom").collect();
assert_eq!(custom_values, vec!["value 1"]);

pub fn join(&mut self, other: Response<'r>)[src]

Sets self's status and body to that of other if they are not already set in self. Any headers present in both other and self are adjoined.

Example

use rocket::Response;
use rocket::http::{Status, ContentType};

let other = Response::build()
    .status(Status::NotFound)
    .header(ContentType::HTML)
    .raw_header("X-Custom", "value 1")
    .finalize();

let response = Response::build()
    .status(Status::ImATeapot)
    .raw_header("X-Custom", "value 2")
    .raw_header_adjoin("X-Custom", "value 3")
    .join(other)
    .finalize();

assert_eq!(response.status(), Status::ImATeapot);

let ctype: Vec<_> = response.headers().get("Content-Type").collect();
assert_eq!(ctype, vec![ContentType::HTML.to_string()]);

let custom_values: Vec<_> = response.headers().get("X-Custom").collect();
assert_eq!(custom_values, vec!["value 2", "value 3", "value 1"]);

Trait Implementations

impl<'r> Responder<'r> for Response<'r>[src]

fn respond_to(self, _: &Request) -> Result<Response<'r>, Status>[src]

This is the identity implementation. It simply returns Ok(self).

impl<'r> Default for Response<'r>[src]

impl<'r> Debug for Response<'r>[src]

Auto Trait Implementations

impl<'r> !Send for Response<'r>

impl<'r> !Sync for Response<'r>

impl<'r> Unpin for Response<'r>

impl<'r> !UnwindSafe for Response<'r>

impl<'r> !RefUnwindSafe for Response<'r>

Blanket Implementations

impl<T, U> Into<U> for T where
    U: From<T>, 
[src]

impl<T> From<T> for T[src]

impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for T where
    U: Into<T>, 
[src]

type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 
[src]

type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> Borrow<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> Typeable for T where
    T: Any

fn get_type(&self) -> TypeId

Get the TypeId of this object.

impl<T> IntoCollection<T> for T

impl<T, I> AsResult<T, I> for T where
    I: Input,