Module rocket::mtls::x509::der

source ·
Available on crate feature mtls only.
Expand description

Distinguished Encoding Rules (DER) objects and parser

All functions in this crate use BER parsing functions (see the ber module) internally, adding constraints verification where needed.

The objects BerObject and DerObject are the same (type alias): all BER functions, combinators and macros can be used, and provide additional tools for DER parsing. However, DER parsing functions enforce DER constraints in addition of their BER counterparts.

§DER Objects

The main object of this crate is DerObject. It contains a header (ber tag, class, and size) and content.

To parse primitive objects (for ex. integers or strings), use the parse_der_ set of functions.

Constructed objects (like sequences, sets or tagged objects) require to use a combinator. This combinator takes a function or closure as input, and returns a new, specialized parser. See the nom parser combinator library for more details on combinators.


Parse two DER integers:

use der_parser::der::parse_der_integer;

let bytes = [ 0x02, 0x03, 0x01, 0x00, 0x01,
              0x02, 0x03, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00,

let (rem, obj1) = parse_der_integer(&bytes).expect("parsing failed");
let (rem, obj2) = parse_der_integer(&bytes).expect("parsing failed");

Parse a BER sequence containing one integer and an octetstring:

use der_parser::der::*;

let bytes = [ 0x30, 0x0a,
              0x02, 0x03, 0x01, 0x00, 0x01,
              0x04, 0x03, 0x62, 0x61, 0x64,

let (rem, seq) = parse_der_sequence_defined(|content| {
        let (rem, obj1) = parse_der_integer(content)?;
        let (rem, obj2) = parse_der_octetstring(rem)?;
        Ok((rem, vec![obj1, obj2]))
    .expect("parsing failed");


  • BER/DER object header (identifier and length)
  • BER/DER Tag as defined in X.680 section 8.4


  • BER Object class of tag


Type Aliases§