[][src]Struct rocket_contrib::json::JsonValue

pub struct JsonValue(pub Value);

An arbitrary JSON value.

This structure wraps serde's Value type. Importantly, unlike Value, this type implements Responder, allowing a value of this type to be returned directly from a handler.

Responder

The Responder implementation for JsonValue serializes the represented value into a JSON string and sets the string as the body of a fixed-sized response with a Content-Type of application/json.

Usage

A value of this type is constructed via the json! macro. The macro and this type are typically used to construct JSON values in an ad-hoc fashion during request handling. This looks something like:

use rocket_contrib::json::JsonValue;

#[get("/json")]
fn get_json() -> JsonValue {
    json!({
        "id": 83,
        "values": [1, 2, 3, 4]
    })
}

Methods from Deref<Target = Value>

pub fn get<I>(&self, index: I) -> Option<&Value> where
    I: Index
[src]

Index into a JSON array or map. A string index can be used to access a value in a map, and a usize index can be used to access an element of an array.

Returns None if the type of self does not match the type of the index, for example if the index is a string and self is an array or a number. Also returns None if the given key does not exist in the map or the given index is not within the bounds of the array.

let object = json!({ "A": 65, "B": 66, "C": 67 });
assert_eq!(*object.get("A").unwrap(), json!(65));

let array = json!([ "A", "B", "C" ]);
assert_eq!(*array.get(2).unwrap(), json!("C"));

assert_eq!(array.get("A"), None);

Square brackets can also be used to index into a value in a more concise way. This returns Value::Null in cases where get would have returned None.

let object = json!({
    "A": ["a", "á", "à"],
    "B": ["b", "b́"],
    "C": ["c", "ć", "ć̣", "ḉ"],
});
assert_eq!(object["B"][0], json!("b"));

assert_eq!(object["D"], json!(null));
assert_eq!(object[0]["x"]["y"]["z"], json!(null));

pub fn get_mut<I>(&mut self, index: I) -> Option<&mut Value> where
    I: Index
[src]

Mutably index into a JSON array or map. A string index can be used to access a value in a map, and a usize index can be used to access an element of an array.

Returns None if the type of self does not match the type of the index, for example if the index is a string and self is an array or a number. Also returns None if the given key does not exist in the map or the given index is not within the bounds of the array.

let mut object = json!({ "A": 65, "B": 66, "C": 67 });
*object.get_mut("A").unwrap() = json!(69);

let mut array = json!([ "A", "B", "C" ]);
*array.get_mut(2).unwrap() = json!("D");

pub fn is_object(&self) -> bool[src]

Returns true if the Value is an Object. Returns false otherwise.

For any Value on which is_object returns true, as_object and as_object_mut are guaranteed to return the map representation of the object.

let obj = json!({ "a": { "nested": true }, "b": ["an", "array"] });

assert!(obj.is_object());
assert!(obj["a"].is_object());

// array, not an object
assert!(!obj["b"].is_object());

pub fn as_object(&self) -> Option<&Map<String, Value>>[src]

If the Value is an Object, returns the associated Map. Returns None otherwise.

let v = json!({ "a": { "nested": true }, "b": ["an", "array"] });

// The length of `{"nested": true}` is 1 entry.
assert_eq!(v["a"].as_object().unwrap().len(), 1);

// The array `["an", "array"]` is not an object.
assert_eq!(v["b"].as_object(), None);

pub fn as_object_mut(&mut self) -> Option<&mut Map<String, Value>>[src]

If the Value is an Object, returns the associated mutable Map. Returns None otherwise.

let mut v = json!({ "a": { "nested": true } });

v["a"].as_object_mut().unwrap().clear();
assert_eq!(v, json!({ "a": {} }));

pub fn is_array(&self) -> bool[src]

Returns true if the Value is an Array. Returns false otherwise.

For any Value on which is_array returns true, as_array and as_array_mut are guaranteed to return the vector representing the array.

let obj = json!({ "a": ["an", "array"], "b": { "an": "object" } });

assert!(obj["a"].is_array());

// an object, not an array
assert!(!obj["b"].is_array());

pub fn as_array(&self) -> Option<&Vec<Value>>[src]

If the Value is an Array, returns the associated vector. Returns None otherwise.

let v = json!({ "a": ["an", "array"], "b": { "an": "object" } });

// The length of `["an", "array"]` is 2 elements.
assert_eq!(v["a"].as_array().unwrap().len(), 2);

// The object `{"an": "object"}` is not an array.
assert_eq!(v["b"].as_array(), None);

pub fn as_array_mut(&mut self) -> Option<&mut Vec<Value>>[src]

If the Value is an Array, returns the associated mutable vector. Returns None otherwise.

let mut v = json!({ "a": ["an", "array"] });

v["a"].as_array_mut().unwrap().clear();
assert_eq!(v, json!({ "a": [] }));

pub fn is_string(&self) -> bool[src]

Returns true if the Value is a String. Returns false otherwise.

For any Value on which is_string returns true, as_str is guaranteed to return the string slice.

let v = json!({ "a": "some string", "b": false });

assert!(v["a"].is_string());

// The boolean `false` is not a string.
assert!(!v["b"].is_string());

pub fn as_str(&self) -> Option<&str>[src]

If the Value is a String, returns the associated str. Returns None otherwise.

let v = json!({ "a": "some string", "b": false });

assert_eq!(v["a"].as_str(), Some("some string"));

// The boolean `false` is not a string.
assert_eq!(v["b"].as_str(), None);

// JSON values are printed in JSON representation, so strings are in quotes.
//
//    The value is: "some string"
println!("The value is: {}", v["a"]);

// Rust strings are printed without quotes.
//
//    The value is: some string
println!("The value is: {}", v["a"].as_str().unwrap());

pub fn is_number(&self) -> bool[src]

Returns true if the Value is a Number. Returns false otherwise.

let v = json!({ "a": 1, "b": "2" });

assert!(v["a"].is_number());

// The string `"2"` is a string, not a number.
assert!(!v["b"].is_number());

pub fn is_i64(&self) -> bool[src]

Returns true if the Value is an integer between i64::MIN and i64::MAX.

For any Value on which is_i64 returns true, as_i64 is guaranteed to return the integer value.

let big = i64::max_value() as u64 + 10;
let v = json!({ "a": 64, "b": big, "c": 256.0 });

assert!(v["a"].is_i64());

// Greater than i64::MAX.
assert!(!v["b"].is_i64());

// Numbers with a decimal point are not considered integers.
assert!(!v["c"].is_i64());

pub fn is_u64(&self) -> bool[src]

Returns true if the Value is an integer between zero and u64::MAX.

For any Value on which is_u64 returns true, as_u64 is guaranteed to return the integer value.

let v = json!({ "a": 64, "b": -64, "c": 256.0 });

assert!(v["a"].is_u64());

// Negative integer.
assert!(!v["b"].is_u64());

// Numbers with a decimal point are not considered integers.
assert!(!v["c"].is_u64());

pub fn is_f64(&self) -> bool[src]

Returns true if the Value is a number that can be represented by f64.

For any Value on which is_f64 returns true, as_f64 is guaranteed to return the floating point value.

Currently this function returns true if and only if both is_i64 and is_u64 return false but this is not a guarantee in the future.

let v = json!({ "a": 256.0, "b": 64, "c": -64 });

assert!(v["a"].is_f64());

// Integers.
assert!(!v["b"].is_f64());
assert!(!v["c"].is_f64());

pub fn as_i64(&self) -> Option<i64>[src]

If the Value is an integer, represent it as i64 if possible. Returns None otherwise.

let big = i64::max_value() as u64 + 10;
let v = json!({ "a": 64, "b": big, "c": 256.0 });

assert_eq!(v["a"].as_i64(), Some(64));
assert_eq!(v["b"].as_i64(), None);
assert_eq!(v["c"].as_i64(), None);

pub fn as_u64(&self) -> Option<u64>[src]

If the Value is an integer, represent it as u64 if possible. Returns None otherwise.

let v = json!({ "a": 64, "b": -64, "c": 256.0 });

assert_eq!(v["a"].as_u64(), Some(64));
assert_eq!(v["b"].as_u64(), None);
assert_eq!(v["c"].as_u64(), None);

pub fn as_f64(&self) -> Option<f64>[src]

If the Value is a number, represent it as f64 if possible. Returns None otherwise.

let v = json!({ "a": 256.0, "b": 64, "c": -64 });

assert_eq!(v["a"].as_f64(), Some(256.0));
assert_eq!(v["b"].as_f64(), Some(64.0));
assert_eq!(v["c"].as_f64(), Some(-64.0));

pub fn is_boolean(&self) -> bool[src]

Returns true if the Value is a Boolean. Returns false otherwise.

For any Value on which is_boolean returns true, as_bool is guaranteed to return the boolean value.

let v = json!({ "a": false, "b": "false" });

assert!(v["a"].is_boolean());

// The string `"false"` is a string, not a boolean.
assert!(!v["b"].is_boolean());

pub fn as_bool(&self) -> Option<bool>[src]

If the Value is a Boolean, returns the associated bool. Returns None otherwise.

let v = json!({ "a": false, "b": "false" });

assert_eq!(v["a"].as_bool(), Some(false));

// The string `"false"` is a string, not a boolean.
assert_eq!(v["b"].as_bool(), None);

pub fn is_null(&self) -> bool[src]

Returns true if the Value is a Null. Returns false otherwise.

For any Value on which is_null returns true, as_null is guaranteed to return Some(()).

let v = json!({ "a": null, "b": false });

assert!(v["a"].is_null());

// The boolean `false` is not null.
assert!(!v["b"].is_null());

pub fn as_null(&self) -> Option<()>[src]

If the Value is a Null, returns (). Returns None otherwise.

let v = json!({ "a": null, "b": false });

assert_eq!(v["a"].as_null(), Some(()));

// The boolean `false` is not null.
assert_eq!(v["b"].as_null(), None);

pub fn pointer(&self, pointer: &str) -> Option<&Value>[src]

Looks up a value by a JSON Pointer.

JSON Pointer defines a string syntax for identifying a specific value within a JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) document.

A Pointer is a Unicode string with the reference tokens separated by /. Inside tokens / is replaced by ~1 and ~ is replaced by ~0. The addressed value is returned and if there is no such value None is returned.

For more information read RFC6901.

Examples

let data = json!({
    "x": {
        "y": ["z", "zz"]
    }
});

assert_eq!(data.pointer("/x/y/1").unwrap(), &json!("zz"));
assert_eq!(data.pointer("/a/b/c"), None);

pub fn pointer_mut(&mut self, pointer: &str) -> Option<&mut Value>[src]

Looks up a value by a JSON Pointer and returns a mutable reference to that value.

JSON Pointer defines a string syntax for identifying a specific value within a JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) document.

A Pointer is a Unicode string with the reference tokens separated by /. Inside tokens / is replaced by ~1 and ~ is replaced by ~0. The addressed value is returned and if there is no such value None is returned.

For more information read RFC6901.

Example of Use

use serde_json::Value;

fn main() {
    let s = r#"{"x": 1.0, "y": 2.0}"#;
    let mut value: Value = serde_json::from_str(s).unwrap();

    // Check value using read-only pointer
    assert_eq!(value.pointer("/x"), Some(&1.0.into()));
    // Change value with direct assignment
    *value.pointer_mut("/x").unwrap() = 1.5.into();
    // Check that new value was written
    assert_eq!(value.pointer("/x"), Some(&1.5.into()));
    // Or change the value only if it exists
    value.pointer_mut("/x").map(|v| *v = 1.5.into());

    // "Steal" ownership of a value. Can replace with any valid Value.
    let old_x = value.pointer_mut("/x").map(Value::take).unwrap();
    assert_eq!(old_x, 1.5);
    assert_eq!(value.pointer("/x").unwrap(), &Value::Null);
}

pub fn take(&mut self) -> Value[src]

Takes the value out of the Value, leaving a Null in its place.

let mut v = json!({ "x": "y" });
assert_eq!(v["x"].take(), json!("y"));
assert_eq!(v, json!({ "x": null }));

Trait Implementations

impl Clone for JsonValue[src]

impl Debug for JsonValue[src]

impl Default for JsonValue[src]

impl Deref for JsonValue[src]

type Target = Value

The resulting type after dereferencing.

impl DerefMut for JsonValue[src]

impl<'de> Deserialize<'de> for JsonValue[src]

impl From<Value> for JsonValue[src]

impl<T> FromIterator<T> for JsonValue where
    Value: FromIterator<T>, 
[src]

impl Into<Value> for JsonValue[src]

impl PartialEq<JsonValue> for JsonValue[src]

impl<'a> Responder<'a> for JsonValue[src]

Serializes the value into JSON. Returns a response with Content-Type JSON and a fixed-size body with the serialized value.

impl Serialize for JsonValue[src]

impl StructuralPartialEq for JsonValue[src]

Auto Trait Implementations

impl RefUnwindSafe for JsonValue

impl Send for JsonValue

impl Sync for JsonValue

impl Unpin for JsonValue

impl UnwindSafe for JsonValue

Blanket Implementations

impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized
[src]

impl<T, I> AsResult<T, I> for T where
    I: Input, 

impl<T> Borrow<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> DeserializeOwned for T where
    T: for<'de> Deserialize<'de>, 
[src]

impl<T> From<T> for T[src]

impl<T, U> Into<U> for T where
    U: From<T>, 
[src]

impl<T> IntoCollection<T> for T

impl<T> IntoSql for T

impl<T> Same<T> for T

type Output = T

Should always be Self

impl<T> ToOwned for T where
    T: Clone
[src]

type Owned = T

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.

impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for T where
    U: Into<T>, 
[src]

type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 
[src]

type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 

type Err = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Err

impl<T> Typeable for T where
    T: Any

impl<V, T> VZip<V> for T where
    V: MultiLane<T>,