Trait rocket::mtls::x509::der_parser::asn1_rs::nom::lib::std::iter::FromIterator

1.0.0 · source ·
pub trait FromIterator<A>: Sized {
    // Required method
    fn from_iter<T>(iter: T) -> Self
       where T: IntoIterator<Item = A>;
}
Available on crate feature mtls only.
Expand description

Conversion from an Iterator.

By implementing FromIterator for a type, you define how it will be created from an iterator. This is common for types which describe a collection of some kind.

If you want to create a collection from the contents of an iterator, the Iterator::collect() method is preferred. However, when you need to specify the container type, FromIterator::from_iter() can be more readable than using a turbofish (e.g. ::<Vec<_>>()). See the Iterator::collect() documentation for more examples of its use.

See also: IntoIterator.

§Examples

Basic usage:

let five_fives = std::iter::repeat(5).take(5);

let v = Vec::from_iter(five_fives);

assert_eq!(v, vec![5, 5, 5, 5, 5]);

Using Iterator::collect() to implicitly use FromIterator:

let five_fives = std::iter::repeat(5).take(5);

let v: Vec<i32> = five_fives.collect();

assert_eq!(v, vec![5, 5, 5, 5, 5]);

Using FromIterator::from_iter() as a more readable alternative to Iterator::collect():

use std::collections::VecDeque;
let first = (0..10).collect::<VecDeque<i32>>();
let second = VecDeque::from_iter(0..10);

assert_eq!(first, second);

Implementing FromIterator for your type:

// A sample collection, that's just a wrapper over Vec<T>
#[derive(Debug)]
struct MyCollection(Vec<i32>);

// Let's give it some methods so we can create one and add things
// to it.
impl MyCollection {
    fn new() -> MyCollection {
        MyCollection(Vec::new())
    }

    fn add(&mut self, elem: i32) {
        self.0.push(elem);
    }
}

// and we'll implement FromIterator
impl FromIterator<i32> for MyCollection {
    fn from_iter<I: IntoIterator<Item=i32>>(iter: I) -> Self {
        let mut c = MyCollection::new();

        for i in iter {
            c.add(i);
        }

        c
    }
}

// Now we can make a new iterator...
let iter = (0..5).into_iter();

// ... and make a MyCollection out of it
let c = MyCollection::from_iter(iter);

assert_eq!(c.0, vec![0, 1, 2, 3, 4]);

// collect works too!

let iter = (0..5).into_iter();
let c: MyCollection = iter.collect();

assert_eq!(c.0, vec![0, 1, 2, 3, 4]);

Required Methods§

1.0.0 · source

fn from_iter<T>(iter: T) -> Self
where T: IntoIterator<Item = A>,

Creates a value from an iterator.

See the module-level documentation for more.

§Examples
let five_fives = std::iter::repeat(5).take(5);

let v = Vec::from_iter(five_fives);

assert_eq!(v, vec![5, 5, 5, 5, 5]);

Object Safety§

This trait is not object safe.

Implementors§

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impl FromIterator<(String, Value)> for serde_json::map::Map<String, Value>

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impl FromIterator<(String, Value)> for toml::map::Map<String, Value>

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impl FromIterator<char> for InlinableString

1.80.0 · source§

impl FromIterator<char> for rocket::mtls::x509::der_parser::asn1_rs::nom::lib::std::boxed::Box<str>

1.0.0 · source§

impl FromIterator<char> for String

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impl FromIterator<u8> for Bytes

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impl FromIterator<u8> for BytesMut

1.23.0 · source§

impl FromIterator<()> for ()

Collapses all unit items from an iterator into one.

This is more useful when combined with higher-level abstractions, like collecting to a Result<(), E> where you only care about errors:

use std::io::*;
let data = vec![1, 2, 3, 4, 5];
let res: Result<()> = data.iter()
    .map(|x| writeln!(stdout(), "{x}"))
    .collect();
assert!(res.is_ok());
1.80.0 · source§

impl FromIterator<String> for rocket::mtls::x509::der_parser::asn1_rs::nom::lib::std::boxed::Box<str>

1.4.0 · source§

impl FromIterator<String> for String

1.52.0 · source§

impl FromIterator<OsString> for OsString

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impl FromIterator<CreateFlags> for CreateFlags

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impl FromIterator<WatchFlags> for WatchFlags

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impl FromIterator<Access> for Access

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impl FromIterator<AtFlags> for AtFlags

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impl FromIterator<FallocateFlags> for FallocateFlags

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impl FromIterator<MemfdFlags> for MemfdFlags

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impl FromIterator<Mode> for Mode

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impl FromIterator<OFlags> for OFlags

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impl FromIterator<RenameFlags> for RenameFlags

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impl FromIterator<ResolveFlags> for ResolveFlags

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impl FromIterator<SealFlags> for SealFlags

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impl FromIterator<StatVfsMountFlags> for StatVfsMountFlags

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impl FromIterator<StatxFlags> for StatxFlags

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impl FromIterator<DupFlags> for DupFlags

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impl FromIterator<FdFlags> for FdFlags

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impl FromIterator<ReadWriteFlags> for ReadWriteFlags

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impl FromIterator<MountFlags> for MountFlags

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impl FromIterator<MountPropagationFlags> for MountPropagationFlags

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impl FromIterator<UnmountFlags> for UnmountFlags

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impl FromIterator<IFlags> for IFlags

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impl FromIterator<XattrFlags> for XattrFlags

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impl FromIterator<TrustAnchor<'static>> for RootCertStore

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impl FromIterator<Table> for ArrayOfTables

1.80.0 · source§

impl<'a> FromIterator<&'a char> for rocket::mtls::x509::der_parser::asn1_rs::nom::lib::std::boxed::Box<str>

1.17.0 · source§

impl<'a> FromIterator<&'a char> for String

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impl<'a> FromIterator<&'a str> for InlinableString

1.80.0 · source§

impl<'a> FromIterator<&'a str> for rocket::mtls::x509::der_parser::asn1_rs::nom::lib::std::boxed::Box<str>

1.0.0 · source§

impl<'a> FromIterator<&'a str> for String

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impl<'a> FromIterator<&'a u8> for BytesMut

1.52.0 · source§

impl<'a> FromIterator<&'a OsStr> for OsString

1.80.0 · source§

impl<'a> FromIterator<Cow<'a, str>> for rocket::mtls::x509::der_parser::asn1_rs::nom::lib::std::boxed::Box<str>

1.19.0 · source§

impl<'a> FromIterator<Cow<'a, str>> for String

1.52.0 · source§

impl<'a> FromIterator<Cow<'a, OsStr>> for OsString

1.12.0 · source§

impl<'a> FromIterator<char> for Cow<'a, str>

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impl<'a> FromIterator<AttributeTypeAndValue<'a>> for RelativeDistinguishedName<'a>

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impl<'a> FromIterator<RelativeDistinguishedName<'a>> for X509Name<'a>

1.12.0 · source§

impl<'a> FromIterator<String> for Cow<'a, str>

1.12.0 · source§

impl<'a, 'b> FromIterator<&'b str> for Cow<'a, str>

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impl<'a, T> FromIterator<&'a Range<T>> for IntervalSet<T>
where T: 'a + IntervalBound,

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impl<'a, T> FromIterator<&'a RangeInclusive<T>> for IntervalSet<T>
where T: 'a + IntervalBound,

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impl<'a, T> FromIterator<&'a Interval<T>> for IntervalSet<T>
where T: 'a + IntervalBound,

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impl<'a, T> FromIterator<&'a T> for IntervalSet<T>
where T: 'a + IntervalBound,

1.0.0 · source§

impl<'a, T> FromIterator<T> for Cow<'a, [T]>
where T: Clone,

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impl<A> FromIterator<<A as Array>::Item> for SmallVec<A>
where A: Array,

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impl<A> FromIterator<<A as Array>::Item> for TinyVec<A>
where A: Array,

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impl<A> FromIterator<<A as Array>::Item> for ArrayVec<A>
where A: Array,

1.80.0 · source§

impl<A> FromIterator<Box<str, A>> for rocket::mtls::x509::der_parser::asn1_rs::nom::lib::std::boxed::Box<str>
where A: Allocator,

1.45.0 · source§

impl<A> FromIterator<Box<str, A>> for String
where A: Allocator,

1.79.0 · source§

impl<A, B, AE, BE> FromIterator<(AE, BE)> for (A, B)
where A: Default + Extend<AE>, B: Default + Extend<BE>,

This implementation turns an iterator of tuples into a tuple of types which implement Default and Extend.

This is similar to Iterator::unzip, but is also composable with other FromIterator implementations:

let string = "1,2,123,4";

let (numbers, lengths): (Vec<_>, Vec<_>) = string
    .split(',')
    .map(|s| s.parse().map(|n: u32| (n, s.len())))
    .collect::<Result<_, _>>()?;

assert_eq!(numbers, [1, 2, 123, 4]);
assert_eq!(lengths, [1, 1, 3, 1]);
1.0.0 · source§

impl<A, E, V> FromIterator<Result<A, E>> for Result<V, E>
where V: FromIterator<A>,

1.0.0 · source§

impl<A, V> FromIterator<Option<A>> for Option<V>
where V: FromIterator<A>,

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impl<F> FromIterator<F> for JoinAll<F>
where F: Future,

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impl<F> FromIterator<F> for TryJoinAll<F>
where F: TryFuture,

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impl<Fut> FromIterator<Fut> for futures_util::future::select_all::SelectAll<Fut>
where Fut: Future + Unpin,

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impl<Fut> FromIterator<Fut> for SelectOk<Fut>
where Fut: TryFuture + Unpin,

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impl<Fut> FromIterator<Fut> for FuturesOrdered<Fut>
where Fut: Future,

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impl<Fut> FromIterator<Fut> for FuturesUnordered<Fut>

1.32.0 · source§

impl<I> FromIterator<I> for rocket::mtls::x509::der_parser::asn1_rs::nom::lib::std::boxed::Box<[I]>

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impl<I> FromIterator<I> for allocator_api2::stable::boxed::Box<[I]>

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impl<K, V> FromIterator<(K, V)> for rocket::serde::json::Value
where K: Into<String>, V: Into<Value>,

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impl<K, V> FromIterator<(K, V)> for toml_edit::value::Value
where K: Into<Key>, V: Into<Value>,

1.0.0 · source§

impl<K, V> FromIterator<(K, V)> for BTreeMap<K, V>
where K: Ord,

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impl<K, V> FromIterator<(K, V)> for AHashMap<K, V>
where K: Eq + Hash,

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impl<K, V> FromIterator<(K, V)> for StreamMap<K, V>
where K: Hash + Eq,

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impl<K, V> FromIterator<(K, V)> for InlineTable
where K: Into<Key>, V: Into<Value>,

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impl<K, V> FromIterator<(K, V)> for Table
where K: Into<Key>, V: Into<Value>,

1.0.0 · source§

impl<K, V, S> FromIterator<(K, V)> for rocket::mtls::x509::der_parser::asn1_rs::nom::lib::std::collections::HashMap<K, V, S>
where K: Eq + Hash, S: BuildHasher + Default,

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impl<K, V, S> FromIterator<(K, V)> for IndexMap<K, V, S>
where K: Hash + Eq, S: BuildHasher + Default,

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impl<K, V, S, A> FromIterator<(K, V)> for hashbrown::map::HashMap<K, V, S, A>
where K: Eq + Hash, S: BuildHasher + Default, A: Default + Allocator,

1.0.0 · source§

impl<P> FromIterator<P> for PathBuf
where P: AsRef<Path>,

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impl<St> FromIterator<St> for futures_util::stream::select_all::SelectAll<St>
where St: Stream + Unpin,

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impl<T> FromIterator<(usize, T)> for Slab<T>

Create a slab from an iterator of key-value pairs.

If the iterator produces duplicate keys, the previous value is replaced with the later one. The keys does not need to be sorted beforehand, and this function always takes O(n) time. Note that the returned slab will use space proportional to the largest key, so don’t use Slab with untrusted keys.

§Examples


let vec = vec![(2,'a'), (6,'b'), (7,'c')];
let slab = vec.into_iter().collect::<Slab<char>>();
assert_eq!(slab.len(), 3);
assert!(slab.capacity() >= 8);
assert_eq!(slab[2], 'a');

With duplicate and unsorted keys:


let vec = vec![(20,'a'), (10,'b'), (11,'c'), (10,'d')];
let slab = vec.into_iter().collect::<Slab<char>>();
assert_eq!(slab.len(), 3);
assert_eq!(slab[10], 'd');
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impl<T> FromIterator<(HeaderName, T)> for HeaderMap<T>

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impl<T> FromIterator<Range<T>> for IntervalSet<T>
where T: IntervalBound,

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impl<T> FromIterator<RangeInclusive<T>> for IntervalSet<T>
where T: IntervalBound,

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impl<T> FromIterator<Interval<T>> for IntervalSet<T>
where T: IntervalBound,

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impl<T> FromIterator<T> for rocket::serde::json::Value
where T: Into<Value>,

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impl<T> FromIterator<T> for SequenceOf<T>

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impl<T> FromIterator<T> for SetOf<T>

1.0.0 · source§

impl<T> FromIterator<T> for BTreeSet<T>
where T: Ord,

1.0.0 · source§

impl<T> FromIterator<T> for BinaryHeap<T>
where T: Ord,

1.0.0 · source§

impl<T> FromIterator<T> for LinkedList<T>

1.0.0 · source§

impl<T> FromIterator<T> for VecDeque<T>

1.0.0 · source§

impl<T> FromIterator<T> for rocket::mtls::x509::der_parser::asn1_rs::nom::lib::std::vec::Vec<T>

Collects an iterator into a Vec, commonly called via Iterator::collect()

§Allocation behavior

In general Vec does not guarantee any particular growth or allocation strategy. That also applies to this trait impl.

Note: This section covers implementation details and is therefore exempt from stability guarantees.

Vec may use any or none of the following strategies, depending on the supplied iterator:

  • preallocate based on Iterator::size_hint()
    • and panic if the number of items is outside the provided lower/upper bounds
  • use an amortized growth strategy similar to pushing one item at a time
  • perform the iteration in-place on the original allocation backing the iterator

The last case warrants some attention. It is an optimization that in many cases reduces peak memory consumption and improves cache locality. But when big, short-lived allocations are created, only a small fraction of their items get collected, no further use is made of the spare capacity and the resulting Vec is moved into a longer-lived structure, then this can lead to the large allocations having their lifetimes unnecessarily extended which can result in increased memory footprint.

In cases where this is an issue, the excess capacity can be discarded with Vec::shrink_to(), Vec::shrink_to_fit() or by collecting into Box<[T]> instead, which additionally reduces the size of the long-lived struct.

static LONG_LIVED: Mutex<Vec<Vec<u16>>> = Mutex::new(Vec::new());

for i in 0..10 {
    let big_temporary: Vec<u16> = (0..1024).collect();
    // discard most items
    let mut result: Vec<_> = big_temporary.into_iter().filter(|i| i % 100 == 0).collect();
    // without this a lot of unused capacity might be moved into the global
    result.shrink_to_fit();
    LONG_LIVED.lock().unwrap().push(result);
}
1.37.0 · source§

impl<T> FromIterator<T> for Rc<[T]>

1.37.0 · source§

impl<T> FromIterator<T> for Arc<[T]>

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impl<T> FromIterator<T> for AHashSet<T>
where T: Eq + Hash,

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impl<T> FromIterator<T> for allocator_api2::stable::vec::Vec<T>

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impl<T> FromIterator<T> for IntervalSet<T>
where T: IntervalBound,

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impl<T, F> FromIterator<F> for JoinSet<T>
where F: Future<Output = T> + Send + 'static, T: Send + 'static,

Collect an iterator of futures into a JoinSet.

This is equivalent to calling JoinSet::spawn on each element of the iterator.

§Examples

The main example from JoinSet’s documentation can also be written using collect:

use tokio::task::JoinSet;

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() {
    let mut set: JoinSet<_> = (0..10).map(|i| async move { i }).collect();

    let mut seen = [false; 10];
    while let Some(res) = set.join_next().await {
        let idx = res.unwrap();
        seen[idx] = true;
    }

    for i in 0..10 {
        assert!(seen[i]);
    }
}
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impl<T, L> FromIterator<(T, L)> for Targets
where T: Into<String>, L: Into<LevelFilter>,

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impl<T, N> FromIterator<T> for GenericArray<T, N>
where N: ArrayLength<T>,

1.0.0 · source§

impl<T, S> FromIterator<T> for rocket::mtls::x509::der_parser::asn1_rs::nom::lib::std::collections::HashSet<T, S>
where T: Eq + Hash, S: BuildHasher + Default,

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impl<T, S> FromIterator<T> for IndexSet<T, S>
where T: Hash + Eq, S: BuildHasher + Default,

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impl<T, S, A> FromIterator<T> for hashbrown::set::HashSet<T, S, A>
where T: Eq + Hash, S: BuildHasher + Default, A: Default + Allocator,

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impl<V> FromIterator<V> for toml_edit::value::Value
where V: Into<Value>,

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impl<V> FromIterator<V> for Array
where V: Into<Value>,