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Enum rocket::mtls::oid::asn1_rs::nom::lib::std::result::Result

1.0.0 · source · []
pub enum Result<T, E> {
    Ok(T),
    Err(E),
}
Available on crate feature mtls only.
Expand description

Result is a type that represents either success (Ok) or failure (Err).

See the module documentation for details.

Variants

Ok(T)

Contains the success value

Err(E)

Contains the error value

Implementations

Returns true if the result is Ok.

Examples

Basic usage:

let x: Result<i32, &str> = Ok(-3);
assert_eq!(x.is_ok(), true);

let x: Result<i32, &str> = Err("Some error message");
assert_eq!(x.is_ok(), false);
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (is_some_with)

Returns true if the result is Ok and the value inside of it matches a predicate.

Examples
#![feature(is_some_with)]

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
assert_eq!(x.is_ok_and(|&x| x > 1), true);

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(0);
assert_eq!(x.is_ok_and(|&x| x > 1), false);

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("hey");
assert_eq!(x.is_ok_and(|&x| x > 1), false);

Returns true if the result is Err.

Examples

Basic usage:

let x: Result<i32, &str> = Ok(-3);
assert_eq!(x.is_err(), false);

let x: Result<i32, &str> = Err("Some error message");
assert_eq!(x.is_err(), true);
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (is_some_with)

Returns true if the result is Err and the value inside of it matches a predicate.

Examples
#![feature(is_some_with)]
use std::io::{Error, ErrorKind};

let x: Result<u32, Error> = Err(Error::new(ErrorKind::NotFound, "!"));
assert_eq!(x.is_err_and(|x| x.kind() == ErrorKind::NotFound), true);

let x: Result<u32, Error> = Err(Error::new(ErrorKind::PermissionDenied, "!"));
assert_eq!(x.is_err_and(|x| x.kind() == ErrorKind::NotFound), false);

let x: Result<u32, Error> = Ok(123);
assert_eq!(x.is_err_and(|x| x.kind() == ErrorKind::NotFound), false);

Converts from Result<T, E> to Option<T>.

Converts self into an Option<T>, consuming self, and discarding the error, if any.

Examples

Basic usage:

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
assert_eq!(x.ok(), Some(2));

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("Nothing here");
assert_eq!(x.ok(), None);

Converts from Result<T, E> to Option<E>.

Converts self into an Option<E>, consuming self, and discarding the success value, if any.

Examples

Basic usage:

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
assert_eq!(x.err(), None);

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("Nothing here");
assert_eq!(x.err(), Some("Nothing here"));

Converts from &Result<T, E> to Result<&T, &E>.

Produces a new Result, containing a reference into the original, leaving the original in place.

Examples

Basic usage:

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
assert_eq!(x.as_ref(), Ok(&2));

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("Error");
assert_eq!(x.as_ref(), Err(&"Error"));

Converts from &mut Result<T, E> to Result<&mut T, &mut E>.

Examples

Basic usage:

fn mutate(r: &mut Result<i32, i32>) {
    match r.as_mut() {
        Ok(v) => *v = 42,
        Err(e) => *e = 0,
    }
}

let mut x: Result<i32, i32> = Ok(2);
mutate(&mut x);
assert_eq!(x.unwrap(), 42);

let mut x: Result<i32, i32> = Err(13);
mutate(&mut x);
assert_eq!(x.unwrap_err(), 0);

Maps a Result<T, E> to Result<U, E> by applying a function to a contained Ok value, leaving an Err value untouched.

This function can be used to compose the results of two functions.

Examples

Print the numbers on each line of a string multiplied by two.

let line = "1\n2\n3\n4\n";

for num in line.lines() {
    match num.parse::<i32>().map(|i| i * 2) {
        Ok(n) => println!("{n}"),
        Err(..) => {}
    }
}

Returns the provided default (if Err), or applies a function to the contained value (if Ok),

Arguments passed to map_or are eagerly evaluated; if you are passing the result of a function call, it is recommended to use map_or_else, which is lazily evaluated.

Examples
let x: Result<_, &str> = Ok("foo");
assert_eq!(x.map_or(42, |v| v.len()), 3);

let x: Result<&str, _> = Err("bar");
assert_eq!(x.map_or(42, |v| v.len()), 42);

Maps a Result<T, E> to U by applying fallback function default to a contained Err value, or function f to a contained Ok value.

This function can be used to unpack a successful result while handling an error.

Examples

Basic usage:

let k = 21;

let x : Result<_, &str> = Ok("foo");
assert_eq!(x.map_or_else(|e| k * 2, |v| v.len()), 3);

let x : Result<&str, _> = Err("bar");
assert_eq!(x.map_or_else(|e| k * 2, |v| v.len()), 42);

Maps a Result<T, E> to Result<T, F> by applying a function to a contained Err value, leaving an Ok value untouched.

This function can be used to pass through a successful result while handling an error.

Examples

Basic usage:

fn stringify(x: u32) -> String { format!("error code: {x}") }

let x: Result<u32, u32> = Ok(2);
assert_eq!(x.map_err(stringify), Ok(2));

let x: Result<u32, u32> = Err(13);
assert_eq!(x.map_err(stringify), Err("error code: 13".to_string()));
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (result_option_inspect)

Calls the provided closure with a reference to the contained value (if Ok).

Examples
#![feature(result_option_inspect)]

let x: u8 = "4"
    .parse::<u8>()
    .inspect(|x| println!("original: {x}"))
    .map(|x| x.pow(3))
    .expect("failed to parse number");
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (result_option_inspect)

Calls the provided closure with a reference to the contained error (if Err).

Examples
#![feature(result_option_inspect)]

use std::{fs, io};

fn read() -> io::Result<String> {
    fs::read_to_string("address.txt")
        .inspect_err(|e| eprintln!("failed to read file: {e}"))
}

Converts from Result<T, E> (or &Result<T, E>) to Result<&<T as Deref>::Target, &E>.

Coerces the Ok variant of the original Result via Deref and returns the new Result.

Examples
let x: Result<String, u32> = Ok("hello".to_string());
let y: Result<&str, &u32> = Ok("hello");
assert_eq!(x.as_deref(), y);

let x: Result<String, u32> = Err(42);
let y: Result<&str, &u32> = Err(&42);
assert_eq!(x.as_deref(), y);

Converts from Result<T, E> (or &mut Result<T, E>) to Result<&mut <T as DerefMut>::Target, &mut E>.

Coerces the Ok variant of the original Result via DerefMut and returns the new Result.

Examples
let mut s = "HELLO".to_string();
let mut x: Result<String, u32> = Ok("hello".to_string());
let y: Result<&mut str, &mut u32> = Ok(&mut s);
assert_eq!(x.as_deref_mut().map(|x| { x.make_ascii_uppercase(); x }), y);

let mut i = 42;
let mut x: Result<String, u32> = Err(42);
let y: Result<&mut str, &mut u32> = Err(&mut i);
assert_eq!(x.as_deref_mut().map(|x| { x.make_ascii_uppercase(); x }), y);

Returns an iterator over the possibly contained value.

The iterator yields one value if the result is Result::Ok, otherwise none.

Examples

Basic usage:

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(7);
assert_eq!(x.iter().next(), Some(&7));

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("nothing!");
assert_eq!(x.iter().next(), None);

Returns a mutable iterator over the possibly contained value.

The iterator yields one value if the result is Result::Ok, otherwise none.

Examples

Basic usage:

let mut x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(7);
match x.iter_mut().next() {
    Some(v) => *v = 40,
    None => {},
}
assert_eq!(x, Ok(40));

let mut x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("nothing!");
assert_eq!(x.iter_mut().next(), None);

Returns the contained Ok value, consuming the self value.

Panics

Panics if the value is an Err, with a panic message including the passed message, and the content of the Err.

Examples

Basic usage:

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("emergency failure");
x.expect("Testing expect"); // panics with `Testing expect: emergency failure`

Returns the contained Ok value, consuming the self value.

Because this function may panic, its use is generally discouraged. Instead, prefer to use pattern matching and handle the Err case explicitly, or call unwrap_or, unwrap_or_else, or unwrap_or_default.

Panics

Panics if the value is an Err, with a panic message provided by the Err’s value.

Examples

Basic usage:

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
assert_eq!(x.unwrap(), 2);
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("emergency failure");
x.unwrap(); // panics with `emergency failure`

Returns the contained Ok value or a default

Consumes the self argument then, if Ok, returns the contained value, otherwise if Err, returns the default value for that type.

Examples

Converts a string to an integer, turning poorly-formed strings into 0 (the default value for integers). parse converts a string to any other type that implements FromStr, returning an Err on error.

let good_year_from_input = "1909";
let bad_year_from_input = "190blarg";
let good_year = good_year_from_input.parse().unwrap_or_default();
let bad_year = bad_year_from_input.parse().unwrap_or_default();

assert_eq!(1909, good_year);
assert_eq!(0, bad_year);

Returns the contained Err value, consuming the self value.

Panics

Panics if the value is an Ok, with a panic message including the passed message, and the content of the Ok.

Examples

Basic usage:

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(10);
x.expect_err("Testing expect_err"); // panics with `Testing expect_err: 10`

Returns the contained Err value, consuming the self value.

Panics

Panics if the value is an Ok, with a custom panic message provided by the Ok’s value.

Examples
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
x.unwrap_err(); // panics with `2`
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("emergency failure");
assert_eq!(x.unwrap_err(), "emergency failure");
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (unwrap_infallible)

Returns the contained Ok value, but never panics.

Unlike unwrap, this method is known to never panic on the result types it is implemented for. Therefore, it can be used instead of unwrap as a maintainability safeguard that will fail to compile if the error type of the Result is later changed to an error that can actually occur.

Examples

Basic usage:


fn only_good_news() -> Result<String, !> {
    Ok("this is fine".into())
}

let s: String = only_good_news().into_ok();
println!("{s}");
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (unwrap_infallible)

Returns the contained Err value, but never panics.

Unlike unwrap_err, this method is known to never panic on the result types it is implemented for. Therefore, it can be used instead of unwrap_err as a maintainability safeguard that will fail to compile if the ok type of the Result is later changed to a type that can actually occur.

Examples

Basic usage:


fn only_bad_news() -> Result<!, String> {
    Err("Oops, it failed".into())
}

let error: String = only_bad_news().into_err();
println!("{error}");

Returns res if the result is Ok, otherwise returns the Err value of self.

Examples

Basic usage:

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
let y: Result<&str, &str> = Err("late error");
assert_eq!(x.and(y), Err("late error"));

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("early error");
let y: Result<&str, &str> = Ok("foo");
assert_eq!(x.and(y), Err("early error"));

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("not a 2");
let y: Result<&str, &str> = Err("late error");
assert_eq!(x.and(y), Err("not a 2"));

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
let y: Result<&str, &str> = Ok("different result type");
assert_eq!(x.and(y), Ok("different result type"));

Calls op if the result is Ok, otherwise returns the Err value of self.

This function can be used for control flow based on Result values.

Examples
fn sq_then_to_string(x: u32) -> Result<String, &'static str> {
    x.checked_mul(x).map(|sq| sq.to_string()).ok_or("overflowed")
}

assert_eq!(Ok(2).and_then(sq_then_to_string), Ok(4.to_string()));
assert_eq!(Ok(1_000_000).and_then(sq_then_to_string), Err("overflowed"));
assert_eq!(Err("not a number").and_then(sq_then_to_string), Err("not a number"));

Often used to chain fallible operations that may return Err.

use std::{io::ErrorKind, path::Path};

// Note: on Windows "/" maps to "C:\"
let root_modified_time = Path::new("/").metadata().and_then(|md| md.modified());
assert!(root_modified_time.is_ok());

let should_fail = Path::new("/bad/path").metadata().and_then(|md| md.modified());
assert!(should_fail.is_err());
assert_eq!(should_fail.unwrap_err().kind(), ErrorKind::NotFound);

Returns res if the result is Err, otherwise returns the Ok value of self.

Arguments passed to or are eagerly evaluated; if you are passing the result of a function call, it is recommended to use or_else, which is lazily evaluated.

Examples

Basic usage:

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
let y: Result<u32, &str> = Err("late error");
assert_eq!(x.or(y), Ok(2));

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("early error");
let y: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
assert_eq!(x.or(y), Ok(2));

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("not a 2");
let y: Result<u32, &str> = Err("late error");
assert_eq!(x.or(y), Err("late error"));

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
let y: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(100);
assert_eq!(x.or(y), Ok(2));

Calls op if the result is Err, otherwise returns the Ok value of self.

This function can be used for control flow based on result values.

Examples

Basic usage:

fn sq(x: u32) -> Result<u32, u32> { Ok(x * x) }
fn err(x: u32) -> Result<u32, u32> { Err(x) }

assert_eq!(Ok(2).or_else(sq).or_else(sq), Ok(2));
assert_eq!(Ok(2).or_else(err).or_else(sq), Ok(2));
assert_eq!(Err(3).or_else(sq).or_else(err), Ok(9));
assert_eq!(Err(3).or_else(err).or_else(err), Err(3));

Returns the contained Ok value or a provided default.

Arguments passed to unwrap_or are eagerly evaluated; if you are passing the result of a function call, it is recommended to use unwrap_or_else, which is lazily evaluated.

Examples

Basic usage:

let default = 2;
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(9);
assert_eq!(x.unwrap_or(default), 9);

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("error");
assert_eq!(x.unwrap_or(default), default);

Returns the contained Ok value or computes it from a closure.

Examples

Basic usage:

fn count(x: &str) -> usize { x.len() }

assert_eq!(Ok(2).unwrap_or_else(count), 2);
assert_eq!(Err("foo").unwrap_or_else(count), 3);

Returns the contained Ok value, consuming the self value, without checking that the value is not an Err.

Safety

Calling this method on an Err is undefined behavior.

Examples
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
assert_eq!(unsafe { x.unwrap_unchecked() }, 2);
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("emergency failure");
unsafe { x.unwrap_unchecked(); } // Undefined behavior!

Returns the contained Err value, consuming the self value, without checking that the value is not an Ok.

Safety

Calling this method on an Ok is undefined behavior.

Examples
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
unsafe { x.unwrap_err_unchecked() }; // Undefined behavior!
let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("emergency failure");
assert_eq!(unsafe { x.unwrap_err_unchecked() }, "emergency failure");
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (option_result_contains)

Returns true if the result is an Ok value containing the given value.

Examples
#![feature(option_result_contains)]

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
assert_eq!(x.contains(&2), true);

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(3);
assert_eq!(x.contains(&2), false);

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("Some error message");
assert_eq!(x.contains(&2), false);
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (result_contains_err)

Returns true if the result is an Err value containing the given value.

Examples
#![feature(result_contains_err)]

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(2);
assert_eq!(x.contains_err(&"Some error message"), false);

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("Some error message");
assert_eq!(x.contains_err(&"Some error message"), true);

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("Some other error message");
assert_eq!(x.contains_err(&"Some error message"), false);

Maps a Result<&T, E> to a Result<T, E> by copying the contents of the Ok part.

Examples
let val = 12;
let x: Result<&i32, i32> = Ok(&val);
assert_eq!(x, Ok(&12));
let copied = x.copied();
assert_eq!(copied, Ok(12));

Maps a Result<&T, E> to a Result<T, E> by cloning the contents of the Ok part.

Examples
let val = 12;
let x: Result<&i32, i32> = Ok(&val);
assert_eq!(x, Ok(&12));
let cloned = x.cloned();
assert_eq!(cloned, Ok(12));

Maps a Result<&mut T, E> to a Result<T, E> by copying the contents of the Ok part.

Examples
let mut val = 12;
let x: Result<&mut i32, i32> = Ok(&mut val);
assert_eq!(x, Ok(&mut 12));
let copied = x.copied();
assert_eq!(copied, Ok(12));

Maps a Result<&mut T, E> to a Result<T, E> by cloning the contents of the Ok part.

Examples
let mut val = 12;
let x: Result<&mut i32, i32> = Ok(&mut val);
assert_eq!(x, Ok(&mut 12));
let cloned = x.cloned();
assert_eq!(cloned, Ok(12));

Transposes a Result of an Option into an Option of a Result.

Ok(None) will be mapped to None. Ok(Some(_)) and Err(_) will be mapped to Some(Ok(_)) and Some(Err(_)).

Examples
#[derive(Debug, Eq, PartialEq)]
struct SomeErr;

let x: Result<Option<i32>, SomeErr> = Ok(Some(5));
let y: Option<Result<i32, SomeErr>> = Some(Ok(5));
assert_eq!(x.transpose(), y);
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (result_flattening)

Converts from Result<Result<T, E>, E> to Result<T, E>

Examples

Basic usage:

#![feature(result_flattening)]
let x: Result<Result<&'static str, u32>, u32> = Ok(Ok("hello"));
assert_eq!(Ok("hello"), x.flatten());

let x: Result<Result<&'static str, u32>, u32> = Ok(Err(6));
assert_eq!(Err(6), x.flatten());

let x: Result<Result<&'static str, u32>, u32> = Err(6);
assert_eq!(Err(6), x.flatten());

Flattening only removes one level of nesting at a time:

#![feature(result_flattening)]
let x: Result<Result<Result<&'static str, u32>, u32>, u32> = Ok(Ok(Ok("hello")));
assert_eq!(Ok(Ok("hello")), x.flatten());
assert_eq!(Ok("hello"), x.flatten().flatten());
🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (result_into_ok_or_err)

Returns the Ok value if self is Ok, and the Err value if self is Err.

In other words, this function returns the value (the T) of a Result<T, T>, regardless of whether or not that result is Ok or Err.

This can be useful in conjunction with APIs such as Atomic*::compare_exchange, or slice::binary_search, but only in cases where you don’t care if the result was Ok or not.

Examples
#![feature(result_into_ok_or_err)]
let ok: Result<u32, u32> = Ok(3);
let err: Result<u32, u32> = Err(4);

assert_eq!(ok.into_ok_or_err(), 3);
assert_eq!(err.into_ok_or_err(), 4);

Trait Implementations

Returns a copy of the value. Read more

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Deserialize this value from the given Serde deserializer. Read more

converts the parser’s result to a type that is more consumable by error management libraries. It keeps the same Ok branch, and merges Err::Error and Err::Failure into the Err side. Read more

Converts to this type from the input type.

Convert from Result to Either with Ok => Right and Err => Left.

Converts to this type from the input type.

Converts to this type from the input type.

Converts to this type from the input type.

The associated error to be returned when the guard fails.

Asynchronously validates, parses, and converts an instance of Self from the incoming request body data. Read more

Takes each element in the Iterator: if it is an Err, no further elements are taken, and the Err is returned. Should no Err occur, a container with the values of each Result is returned.

Here is an example which increments every integer in a vector, checking for overflow:

let v = vec![1, 2];
let res: Result<Vec<u32>, &'static str> = v.iter().map(|x: &u32|
    x.checked_add(1).ok_or("Overflow!")
).collect();
assert_eq!(res, Ok(vec![2, 3]));

Here is another example that tries to subtract one from another list of integers, this time checking for underflow:

let v = vec![1, 2, 0];
let res: Result<Vec<u32>, &'static str> = v.iter().map(|x: &u32|
    x.checked_sub(1).ok_or("Underflow!")
).collect();
assert_eq!(res, Err("Underflow!"));

Here is a variation on the previous example, showing that no further elements are taken from iter after the first Err.

let v = vec![3, 2, 1, 10];
let mut shared = 0;
let res: Result<Vec<u32>, &'static str> = v.iter().map(|x: &u32| {
    shared += x;
    x.checked_sub(2).ok_or("Underflow!")
}).collect();
assert_eq!(res, Err("Underflow!"));
assert_eq!(shared, 6);

Since the third element caused an underflow, no further elements were taken, so the final value of shared is 6 (= 3 + 2 + 1), not 16.

The associated error to be returned if parsing/validation fails.

Parses and validates an instance of Self from a path parameter string or returns an Error if parsing or validation fails. Read more

The associated error to be returned if derivation fails.

Derives an instance of Self from the incoming request metadata. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_trait_v2)

Constructs the type from a compatible Residual type. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_trait_v2)

Constructs the type from a compatible Residual type. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_trait_v2)

Constructs the type from a compatible Residual type. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_trait_v2)

Constructs the type from a compatible Residual type. Read more

The associated error to be returned when parsing fails.

Parses an instance of Self from many dynamic path parameter strings or returns an Error if one cannot be parsed. Read more

A no cost conversion allowing T to be used in place of an Result<T, E>.

The resulting type of this conversion.

Converts a value of type T into a value of type Self::Target. The resulting value of type Self::Target will be rendered into a URI using its UriDisplay implementation. Read more

The resulting type of this conversion.

Converts a value of type T into a value of type Self::Target. The resulting value of type Self::Target will be rendered into a URI using its UriDisplay implementation. Read more

The resulting type of this conversion.

Converts a value of type T into a value of type Self::Target. The resulting value of type Self::Target will be rendered into a URI using its UriDisplay implementation. Read more

The resulting type of this conversion.

Converts a value of type T into a value of type Self::Target. The resulting value of type Self::Target will be rendered into a URI using its UriDisplay implementation. Read more

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more

Convert from Either to Result with Right => Ok and Left => Err.

Converts this type into the (usually inferred) input type.

The type of the elements being iterated over.

Which kind of iterator are we turning this into?

Creates an iterator from a value. Read more

The type of the elements being iterated over.

Which kind of iterator are we turning this into?

Creates an iterator from a value. Read more

Returns a consuming iterator over the possibly contained value.

The iterator yields one value if the result is Result::Ok, otherwise none.

Examples

Basic usage:

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Ok(5);
let v: Vec<u32> = x.into_iter().collect();
assert_eq!(v, [5]);

let x: Result<u32, &str> = Err("nothing!");
let v: Vec<u32> = x.into_iter().collect();
assert_eq!(v, []);

The type of the elements being iterated over.

Which kind of iterator are we turning this into?

The type to use when returning an Outcome::Failure.

The type to use when returning an Outcome::Forward.

Converts self into an Outcome. If self represents a success, an Outcome::Success is returned. Otherwise, an Outcome::Failure is returned with failure as the inner value. Read more

Converts self into an Outcome. If self represents a success, an Outcome::Success is returned. Otherwise, an Outcome::Forward is returned with forward as the inner value. Read more

The type to use when returning an Outcome::Failure.

The type to use when returning an Outcome::Forward.

Converts self into an Outcome. If self represents a success, an Outcome::Success is returned. Otherwise, an Outcome::Failure is returned with failure as the inner value. Read more

Converts self into an Outcome. If self represents a success, an Outcome::Success is returned. Otherwise, an Outcome::Forward is returned with forward as the inner value. Read more

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

Takes each element in the Iterator: if it is an Err, no further elements are taken, and the Err is returned. Should no Err occur, the product of all elements is returned.

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_trait_v2_residual)

The “return” type of this meta-function.

Responds with the wrapped Responder in self, whether it is Ok or Err.

Returns Ok if a Response could be generated successfully. Otherwise, returns an Err with a failing Status. Read more

Returns true if launch should be aborted and false otherwise.

Serialize this value into the given Serde serializer. Read more

Takes each element in the Iterator: if it is an Err, no further elements are taken, and the Err is returned. Should no Err occur, the sum of all elements is returned.

Examples

This sums up every integer in a vector, rejecting the sum if a negative element is encountered:

let v = vec![1, 2];
let res: Result<i32, &'static str> = v.iter().map(|&x: &i32|
    if x < 0 { Err("Negative element found") }
    else { Ok(x) }
).sum();
assert_eq!(res, Ok(3));

Is called to get the representation of the value as status code. This status code is returned to the operating system. Read more

Is called to get the representation of the value as status code. This status code is returned to the operating system. Read more

Is called to get the representation of the value as status code. This status code is returned to the operating system. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_trait_v2)

The type of the value produced by ? when not short-circuiting.

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_trait_v2)

The type of the value passed to FromResidual::from_residual as part of ? when short-circuiting. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_trait_v2)

Constructs the type from its Output type. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_trait_v2)

Used in ? to decide whether the operator should produce a value (because this returned ControlFlow::Continue) or propagate a value back to the caller (because this returned ControlFlow::Break). Read more

Defers to the UriDisplay<Query> implementation for T.

Formats self in a URI-safe manner using the given formatter.

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Compare self to key and return true if they are equal.

Returns the argument unchanged.

Instruments this type with the provided Span, returning an Instrumented wrapper. Read more

Instruments this type with the current Span, returning an Instrumented wrapper. Read more

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

Converts self into a collection.

Should always be Self

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.

Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (toowned_clone_into)

Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

Attaches the provided Subscriber to this type, returning a WithDispatch wrapper. Read more

Attaches the current default Subscriber to this type, returning a WithDispatch wrapper. Read more