Enum rocket::outcome::Outcome[][src]

pub enum Outcome<S, E, F> {
    Success(S),
    Failure(E),
    Forward(F),
}
Expand description

An enum representing success (Success), failure (Failure), or forwarding (Forward).

See the top level documentation for detailed information.

Variants

Success(S)

Contains the success value.

Failure(E)

Contains the failure error value.

Forward(F)

Contains the value to forward on.

Implementations

Unwraps the Outcome, yielding the contents of a Success.

Panics

Panics if the value is not Success.

Examples

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Success(10);
assert_eq!(x.unwrap(), 10);

Unwraps the Outcome, yielding the contents of a Success.

Panics

If the value is not Success, panics with the given message.

Examples

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Success(10);
assert_eq!(x.expect("success value"), 10);

Return true if this Outcome is a Success.

Examples

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Success(10);
assert_eq!(x.is_success(), true);

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Failure("Hi! I'm an error.");
assert_eq!(x.is_success(), false);

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Forward(25);
assert_eq!(x.is_success(), false);

Return true if this Outcome is a Failure.

Examples

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Success(10);
assert_eq!(x.is_failure(), false);

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Failure("Hi! I'm an error.");
assert_eq!(x.is_failure(), true);

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Forward(25);
assert_eq!(x.is_failure(), false);

Return true if this Outcome is a Forward.

Examples

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Success(10);
assert_eq!(x.is_forward(), false);

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Failure("Hi! I'm an error.");
assert_eq!(x.is_forward(), false);

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Forward(25);
assert_eq!(x.is_forward(), true);

Converts from Outcome<S, E, F> to Option<S>.

Returns the Some of the Success if this is a Success, otherwise returns None. self is consumed, and all other values are discarded.

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Success(10);
assert_eq!(x.succeeded(), Some(10));

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Failure("Hi! I'm an error.");
assert_eq!(x.succeeded(), None);

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Forward(25);
assert_eq!(x.succeeded(), None);

Converts from Outcome<S, E, F> to Option<E>.

Returns the Some of the Failure if this is a Failure, otherwise returns None. self is consumed, and all other values are discarded.

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Success(10);
assert_eq!(x.failed(), None);

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Failure("Hi! I'm an error.");
assert_eq!(x.failed(), Some("Hi! I'm an error."));

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Forward(25);
assert_eq!(x.failed(), None);

Converts from Outcome<S, E, F> to Option<F>.

Returns the Some of the Forward if this is a Forward, otherwise returns None. self is consumed, and all other values are discarded.

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Success(10);
assert_eq!(x.forwarded(), None);

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Failure("Hi! I'm an error.");
assert_eq!(x.forwarded(), None);

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Forward(25);
assert_eq!(x.forwarded(), Some(25));

Returns a Success value as Ok() or value in Err. Converts from Outcome<S, E, F> to Result<S, T> for a given T.

Returns Ok with the Success value if this is a Success, otherwise returns an Err with the provided value. self is consumed, and all other values are discarded.

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Success(10);
assert_eq!(x.success_or(false), Ok(10));

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Failure("Hi! I'm an error.");
assert_eq!(x.success_or(false), Err(false));

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Forward(25);
assert_eq!(x.success_or("whoops"), Err("whoops"));

Returns a Success value as Ok() or f() in Err. Converts from Outcome<S, E, F> to Result<S, T> for a given T produced from a supplied function or closure.

Returns Ok with the Success value if this is a Success, otherwise returns an Err with the result of calling f. self is consumed, and all other values are discarded.

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Success(10);
assert_eq!(x.success_or_else(|| false), Ok(10));

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Failure("Hi! I'm an error.");
assert_eq!(x.success_or_else(|| false), Err(false));

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Forward(25);
assert_eq!(x.success_or_else(|| "whoops"), Err("whoops"));

Converts from Outcome<S, E, F> to Outcome<&S, &E, &F>.

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Success(10);
assert_eq!(x.as_ref(), Success(&10));

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Failure("Hi! I'm an error.");
assert_eq!(x.as_ref(), Failure(&"Hi! I'm an error."));

Converts from Outcome<S, E, F> to Outcome<&mut S, &mut E, &mut F>.

let mut x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Success(10);
if let Success(val) = x.as_mut() {
    *val = 20;
}

assert_eq!(x.unwrap(), 20);

Maps the Success value using f. Maps an Outcome<S, E, F> to an Outcome<T, E, F> by applying the function f to the value of type S in self if self is an Outcome::Success.

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Success(10);

let mapped = x.map(|v| if v == 10 { "10" } else { "not 10" });
assert_eq!(mapped, Success("10"));

Maps the Failure value using f. Maps an Outcome<S, E, F> to an Outcome<S, T, F> by applying the function f to the value of type E in self if self is an Outcome::Failure.

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Failure("hi");

let mapped = x.map_failure(|v| if v == "hi" { 10 } else { 0 });
assert_eq!(mapped, Failure(10));

Maps the Forward value using f. Maps an Outcome<S, E, F> to an Outcome<S, E, T> by applying the function f to the value of type F in self if self is an Outcome::Forward.

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Forward(5);

let mapped = x.map_forward(|v| if v == 5 { "a" } else { "b" });
assert_eq!(mapped, Forward("a"));

Converts from Outcome<S, E, F> to Outcome<T, E, F> using f to map Success(S) to Success(T).

If self is not Success, self is returned.

Examples

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, bool> = Success(10);

let mapped = x.and_then(|v| match v {
   10 => Success("10"),
   1 => Forward(false),
   _ => Failure("30")
});

assert_eq!(mapped, Success("10"));

Converts from Outcome<S, E, F> to Outcome<S, T, F> using f to map Failure(E) to Failure(T).

If self is not Failure, self is returned.

Examples

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, bool> = Failure("hi");

let mapped = x.failure_then(|v| match v {
   "hi" => Failure(10),
   "test" => Forward(false),
   _ => Success(10)
});

assert_eq!(mapped, Failure(10));

Converts from Outcome<S, E, F> to Outcome<S, E, T> using f to map Forward(F) to Forward(T).

If self is not Forward, self is returned.

Examples

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, Option<bool>> = Forward(Some(false));

let mapped = x.forward_then(|v| match v {
   Some(true) => Success(10),
   Some(false) => Forward(20),
   None => Failure("10")
});

assert_eq!(mapped, Forward(20));

Converts Outcome<S, E, F> to Result<S, E> by identity mapping Success(S) and Failure(E) to Result<T, E> and mapping Forward(F) to Result<T, E> using f.

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Success(10);
assert_eq!(x.ok_map_forward(|x| Ok(x as i32 + 1)), Ok(10));

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Failure("hello");
assert_eq!(x.ok_map_forward(|x| Ok(x as i32 + 1)), Err("hello"));

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Forward(0);
assert_eq!(x.ok_map_forward(|x| Ok(x as i32 + 1)), Ok(1));

Converts Outcome<S, E, F> to Result<S, E> by identity mapping Success(S) and Forward(F) to Result<T, F> and mapping Failure(E) to Result<T, F> using f.

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Success(10);
assert_eq!(x.ok_map_failure(|s| Ok(123)), Ok(10));

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Failure("hello");
assert_eq!(x.ok_map_failure(|s| Ok(123)), Ok(123));

let x: Outcome<i32, &str, usize> = Forward(0);
assert_eq!(x.ok_map_failure(|s| Ok(123)), Err(0));

Pins a future that resolves to self, returning a BoxFuture that resolves to self.

Return the Outcome of response to req from responder.

If the responder returns Ok, an outcome of Success is returned with the response. If the responder returns Err, an outcome of Failure is returned with the status code.

Example

use rocket::{Request, Data, route};

fn str_responder<'r>(req: &'r Request, _: Data<'r>) -> route::Outcome<'r> {
    route::Outcome::from(req, "Hello, world!")
}

Return the Outcome of response to req from responder.

If the responder returns Ok, an outcome of Success is returned with the response. If the responder returns Err, an outcome of Failure is returned with the status code.

Example

use rocket::{Request, Data, route};

fn str_responder<'r>(req: &'r Request, _: Data<'r>) -> route::Outcome<'r> {
    route::Outcome::from(req, "Hello, world!")
}

Return the Outcome of response to req from responder.

If the responder returns Ok, an outcome of Success is returned with the response. If the responder returns Err, an outcome of Forward is returned.

Example

use rocket::{Request, Data, route};

fn str_responder<'r>(req: &'r Request, data: Data<'r>) -> route::Outcome<'r> {
    route::Outcome::from_or_forward(req, data, "Hello, world!")
}

Return an Outcome of Failure with the status code code. This is equivalent to Outcome::Failure(code).

This method exists to be used during manual routing.

Example

use rocket::{Request, Data, route};
use rocket::http::Status;

fn bad_req_route<'r>(_: &'r Request, _: Data<'r>) -> route::Outcome<'r> {
    route::Outcome::failure(Status::BadRequest)
}

Return an Outcome of Forward with the data data. This is equivalent to Outcome::Forward(data).

This method exists to be used during manual routing.

Example

use rocket::{Request, Data, route};

fn always_forward<'r>(_: &'r Request, data: Data<'r>) -> route::Outcome<'r> {
    route::Outcome::forward(data)
}

Trait Implementations

Returns a copy of the value. Read more

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Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

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Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.

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This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

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