Struct rocket::Request[][src]

pub struct Request<'r> { /* fields omitted */ }
Expand description

The type of an incoming web request.

This should be used sparingly in Rocket applications. In particular, it should likely only be used when writing FromRequest implementations. It contains all of the information for a given web request except for the body data. This includes the HTTP method, URI, cookies, headers, and more.

Implementations

Retrieve the method from self.

Example

use rocket::http::Method;

assert_eq!(get("/").method(), Method::Get);
assert_eq!(post("/").method(), Method::Post);

Set the method of self to method.

Example

use rocket::http::Method;

assert_eq!(request.method(), Method::Get);

request.set_method(Method::Post);
assert_eq!(request.method(), Method::Post);

Borrow the Origin URI from self.

Example

assert_eq!(get("/hello/rocketeer").uri().path(), "/hello/rocketeer");
assert_eq!(get("/hello").uri().query(), None);

Set the URI in self to uri.

Example

use rocket::http::uri::Origin;

let uri = Origin::parse("/hello/Sergio?type=greeting").unwrap();
request.set_uri(uri);
assert_eq!(request.uri().path(), "/hello/Sergio");
assert_eq!(request.uri().query().unwrap(), "type=greeting");

let new_uri = request.uri().map_path(|p| format!("/foo{}", p)).unwrap();
request.set_uri(new_uri);
assert_eq!(request.uri().path(), "/foo/hello/Sergio");
assert_eq!(request.uri().query().unwrap(), "type=greeting");

Returns the Host identified in the request, if any.

If the request is made via HTTP/1.1 (or earlier), this method returns the value in the HOST header without the deprecated user_info component. Otherwise, this method returns the contents of the :authority pseudo-header request field.

Note that this method only reflects the HOST header in the initial request and not any changes made thereafter. To change the value returned by this method, use Request::set_host().

⚠️ DANGER ⚠️

Using the user-controlled host to construct URLs is a security hazard! Never do so without first validating the host against a whitelist. For this reason, Rocket disallows constructing host-prefixed URIs with uri!. Always use uri! to construct URIs.

Example

Retrieve the raw host, unusable to construct safe URIs:

use rocket::http::uri::Host;

assert_eq!(request.host(), None);

request.set_host(Host::from(uri!("rocket.rs")));
let host = request.host().unwrap();
assert_eq!(host.domain(), "rocket.rs");
assert_eq!(host.port(), None);

request.set_host(Host::from(uri!("rocket.rs:2392")));
let host = request.host().unwrap();
assert_eq!(host.domain(), "rocket.rs");
assert_eq!(host.port(), Some(2392));

Retrieve the raw host, check it against a whitelist, and construct a URI:

use rocket::http::uri::Host;

// A sensitive URI we want to prefix with safe hosts.
#[get("/token?<secret>")]
fn token(secret: Token) { /* .. */ }

// Whitelist of known hosts. In a real setting, you might retrieve this
// list from config at ignite-time using tools like `AdHoc::config()`.
const WHITELIST: [Host<'static>; 3] = [
    Host::new(uri!("rocket.rs")),
    Host::new(uri!("rocket.rs:443")),
    Host::new(uri!("guide.rocket.rs:443")),
];

// A request with a host of "rocket.rs". Note the case-insensitivity.
request.set_host(Host::from(uri!("ROCKET.rs")));
let prefix = request.host().and_then(|h| h.to_absolute("https", &WHITELIST));

// `rocket.rs` is in the whitelist, so we'll get back a `Some`.
assert!(prefix.is_some());
if let Some(prefix) = prefix {
    // We can use this prefix to safely construct URIs.
    let uri = uri!(prefix, token("some-secret-token"));
    assert_eq!(uri, "https://ROCKET.rs/token?secret=some-secret-token");
}

// A request with a host of "attacker-controlled.com".
request.set_host(Host::from(uri!("attacker-controlled.com")));
let prefix = request.host().and_then(|h| h.to_absolute("https", &WHITELIST));

// `attacker-controlled.come` is _not_ on the whitelist.
assert!(prefix.is_none());
assert!(request.host().is_some());

Sets the host of self to host.

Example

Set the host to rocket.rs:443.

use rocket::http::uri::Host;

assert_eq!(request.host(), None);

request.set_host(Host::from(uri!("rocket.rs:443")));
let host = request.host().unwrap();
assert_eq!(host.domain(), "rocket.rs");
assert_eq!(host.port(), Some(443));

Returns the raw address of the remote connection that initiated this request if the address is known. If the address is not known, None is returned.

Because it is common for proxies to forward connections for clients, the remote address may contain information about the proxy instead of the client. For this reason, proxies typically set the “X-Real-IP” header with the client’s true IP. To extract this IP from the request, use the real_ip() or client_ip() methods.

Example

use std::net::{SocketAddrV4, Ipv4Addr};

assert_eq!(request.remote(), None);

let localhost = SocketAddrV4::new(Ipv4Addr::LOCALHOST, 8000).into();
request.set_remote(localhost);
assert_eq!(request.remote(), Some(localhost));

Sets the remote address of self to address.

Example

Set the remote address to be 127.0.0.1:8000:

use std::net::{SocketAddrV4, Ipv4Addr};

assert_eq!(request.remote(), None);

let localhost = SocketAddrV4::new(Ipv4Addr::LOCALHOST, 8000).into();
request.set_remote(localhost);
assert_eq!(request.remote(), Some(localhost));

Returns the IP address in the “X-Real-IP” header of the request if such a header exists and contains a valid IP address.

Example

use std::net::Ipv4Addr;
use rocket::http::Header;

assert_eq!(req.real_ip(), None);

let req = req.header(Header::new("X-Real-IP", "127.0.0.1"));
assert_eq!(req.real_ip(), Some(Ipv4Addr::LOCALHOST.into()));

Attempts to return the client’s IP address by first inspecting the “X-Real-IP” header and then using the remote connection’s IP address.

If the “X-Real-IP” header exists and contains a valid IP address, that address is returned. Otherwise, if the address of the remote connection is known, that address is returned. Otherwise, None is returned.

Example


// starting without an "X-Real-IP" header or remote addresss
assert!(request.client_ip().is_none());

// add a remote address; this is done by Rocket automatically
request.set_remote("127.0.0.1:8000".parse().unwrap());
assert_eq!(request.client_ip(), Some("127.0.0.1".parse().unwrap()));

// now with an X-Real-IP header
request.add_header(Header::new("X-Real-IP", "8.8.8.8"));
assert_eq!(request.client_ip(), Some("8.8.8.8".parse().unwrap()));

Returns a wrapped borrow to the cookies in self.

CookieJar implements internal mutability, so this method allows you to get and add/remove cookies in self.

Example

Add a new cookie to a request’s cookies:

use rocket::http::Cookie;

req.cookies().add(Cookie::new("key", "val"));
req.cookies().add(Cookie::new("ans", format!("life: {}", 38 + 4)));

assert_eq!(req.cookies().get_pending("key").unwrap().value(), "val");
assert_eq!(req.cookies().get_pending("ans").unwrap().value(), "life: 42");

Returns a HeaderMap of all of the headers in self.

Example

use rocket::http::{Accept, ContentType};

assert!(get("/").headers().is_empty());

let req = get("/").header(Accept::HTML).header(ContentType::HTML);
assert_eq!(req.headers().len(), 2);

Add header to self’s headers. The type of header can be any type that implements the Into<Header> trait. This includes common types such as ContentType and Accept.

Example

use rocket::http::ContentType;

assert!(request.headers().is_empty());

request.add_header(ContentType::HTML);
assert!(request.headers().contains("Content-Type"));
assert_eq!(request.headers().len(), 1);

Replaces the value of the header with name header.name with header.value. If no such header exists, header is added as a header to self.

Example

use rocket::http::ContentType;

assert!(request.headers().is_empty());

request.add_header(ContentType::Any);
assert_eq!(request.headers().get_one("Content-Type"), Some("*/*"));
assert_eq!(request.content_type(), Some(&ContentType::Any));

request.replace_header(ContentType::PNG);
assert_eq!(request.headers().get_one("Content-Type"), Some("image/png"));
assert_eq!(request.content_type(), Some(&ContentType::PNG));

Returns the Content-Type header of self. If the header is not present, returns None.

Example

use rocket::http::ContentType;

assert_eq!(get("/").content_type(), None);

let req = get("/").header(ContentType::JSON);
assert_eq!(req.content_type(), Some(&ContentType::JSON));

Returns the Accept header of self. If the header is not present, returns None.

Example

use rocket::http::Accept;

assert_eq!(get("/").accept(), None);
assert_eq!(get("/").header(Accept::JSON).accept(), Some(&Accept::JSON));

Returns the media type “format” of the request.

The “format” of a request is either the Content-Type, if the request methods indicates support for a payload, or the preferred media type in the Accept header otherwise. If the method indicates no payload and no Accept header is specified, a media type of Any is returned.

The media type returned from this method is used to match against the format route attribute.

Example

use rocket::http::{Accept, ContentType, MediaType};

// Non-payload-bearing: format is accept header.
let req = get("/").header(Accept::HTML);
assert_eq!(req.format(), Some(&MediaType::HTML));

let req = get("/").header(ContentType::JSON).header(Accept::HTML);
assert_eq!(req.format(), Some(&MediaType::HTML));

// Payload: format is content-type header.
let req = post("/").header(ContentType::HTML);
assert_eq!(req.format(), Some(&MediaType::HTML));

let req = post("/").header(ContentType::JSON).header(Accept::HTML);
assert_eq!(req.format(), Some(&MediaType::JSON));

// Non-payload-bearing method and no accept header: `Any`.
assert_eq!(get("/").format(), Some(&MediaType::Any));

Returns the Rocket instance that is handling this request.

Example

// Retrieve the application config via `Rocket::config()`.
let config = request.rocket().config();

// Retrieve managed state via `Rocket::state()`.
let state = request.rocket().state::<Pool>();

// Get a list of all of the registered routes and catchers.
let routes = request.rocket().routes();
let catchers = request.rocket().catchers();

Returns the configured application data limits.

This is convenience function equivalent to:

&request.rocket().config().limits

Example

use rocket::data::ToByteUnit;

// This is the default `form` limit.
assert_eq!(request.limits().get("form"), Some(32.kibibytes()));

// Retrieve the limit for files with extension `.pdf`; etails to 1MiB.
assert_eq!(request.limits().get("file/pdf"), Some(1.mebibytes()));

Get the presently matched route, if any.

This method returns Some any time a handler or its guards are being invoked. This method returns None before routing has commenced; this includes during request fairing callbacks.

Example

let route = request.route();

Invokes the request guard implementation for T, returning its outcome.

Example

Assuming a User request guard exists, invoke it:

let outcome = request.guard::<User>().await;

Retrieves the cached value for type T from the request-local cached state of self. If no such value has previously been cached for this request, f is called to produce the value which is subsequently returned.

Different values of the same type cannot be cached without using a proxy, wrapper type. To avoid the need to write these manually, or for libraries wishing to store values of public types, use the local_cache! macro to generate a locally anonymous wrapper type, store, and retrieve the wrapped value from request-local cache.

Example

// The first store into local cache for a given type wins.
let value = request.local_cache(|| "hello");
assert_eq!(*request.local_cache(|| "hello"), "hello");

// The following return the cached, previously stored value for the type.
assert_eq!(*request.local_cache(|| "goodbye"), "hello");

Retrieves the cached value for type T from the request-local cached state of self. If no such value has previously been cached for this request, fut is awaited to produce the value which is subsequently returned.

Example

async fn current_user<'r>(request: &Request<'r>) -> User {
    // validate request for a given user, load from database, etc
}

let current_user = request.local_cache_async(async {
    current_user(&request).await
}).await;

Retrieves and parses into T the 0-indexed nth non-empty segment from the routed request, that is, the nth segment after the mount point. If the request has not been routed, then this is simply the nth non-empty request URI segment.

Returns None if n is greater than the number of non-empty segments. Returns Some(Err(T::Error)) if the parameter type T failed to be parsed from the nth dynamic parameter.

This method exists only to be used by manual routing. To retrieve parameters from a request, use Rocket’s code generation facilities.

Example

assert_eq!(get("/a/b/c").param(0), Some(Ok("a")));
assert_eq!(get("/a/b/c").param(1), Some(Ok("b")));
assert_eq!(get("/a/b/c").param(2), Some(Ok("c")));
assert_eq!(get("/a/b/c").param::<&str>(3), None);

assert_eq!(get("/1/b/3").param(0), Some(Ok(1)));
assert!(get("/1/b/3").param::<usize>(1).unwrap().is_err());
assert_eq!(get("/1/b/3").param(2), Some(Ok(3)));

assert_eq!(get("/").param::<&str>(0), None);

Retrieves and parses into T all of the path segments in the request URI beginning and including the 0-indexed nth non-empty segment after the mount point.,that is, the nth segment after the mount point. If the request has not been routed, then this is simply the nth non-empty request URI segment.

T must implement FromSegments, which is used to parse the segments. If there are no non-empty segments, the Segments iterator will be empty.

This method exists only to be used by manual routing. To retrieve segments from a request, use Rocket’s code generation facilities.

Example

use std::path::PathBuf;

assert_eq!(get("/").segments(0..), Ok(PathBuf::new()));
assert_eq!(get("/").segments(2..), Ok(PathBuf::new()));

// Empty segments are skipped.
assert_eq!(get("///").segments(2..), Ok(PathBuf::new()));
assert_eq!(get("/a/b/c").segments(0..), Ok(PathBuf::from("a/b/c")));
assert_eq!(get("/a/b/c").segments(1..), Ok(PathBuf::from("b/c")));
assert_eq!(get("/a/b/c").segments(2..), Ok(PathBuf::from("c")));
assert_eq!(get("/a/b/c").segments(3..), Ok(PathBuf::new()));
assert_eq!(get("/a/b/c").segments(4..), Ok(PathBuf::new()));

Retrieves and parses into T the query value with field name name. T must implement FromForm, which is used to parse the query’s value. Key matching is performed case-sensitively.

Warning

This method exists only to be used by manual routing and should never be used in a regular Rocket application. It is much more expensive to use this method than to retrieve query parameters via Rocket’s codegen. To retrieve query values from a request, always prefer to use Rocket’s code generation facilities.

Error

If a query segment with name name isn’t present, returns None. If parsing the value fails, returns Some(Err(_)).

Example

use rocket::form::FromForm;

#[derive(Debug, PartialEq, FromForm)]
struct Dog<'r> {
    name: &'r str,
    age: usize
}

let req = get("/?a=apple&z=zebra&a=aardvark");
assert_eq!(req.query_value::<&str>("a").unwrap(), Ok("apple"));
assert_eq!(req.query_value::<&str>("z").unwrap(), Ok("zebra"));
assert_eq!(req.query_value::<&str>("b"), None);

let a_seq = req.query_value::<Vec<&str>>("a");
assert_eq!(a_seq.unwrap().unwrap(), ["apple", "aardvark"]);

let req = get("/?dog.name=Max+Fido&dog.age=3");
let dog = req.query_value::<Dog>("dog");
assert_eq!(dog.unwrap().unwrap(), Dog { name: "Max Fido", age: 3 });

Trait Implementations

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Pretty prints a Request. This is primarily used by Rocket’s logging infrastructure.

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Converts self into T using Into<T>. Read more

Converts self into a target type. Read more

Causes self to use its Binary implementation when Debug-formatted.

Causes self to use its Display implementation when Debug-formatted. Read more

Causes self to use its LowerExp implementation when Debug-formatted. Read more

Causes self to use its LowerHex implementation when Debug-formatted. Read more

Causes self to use its Octal implementation when Debug-formatted.

Causes self to use its Pointer implementation when Debug-formatted. Read more

Causes self to use its UpperExp implementation when Debug-formatted. Read more

Causes self to use its UpperHex implementation when Debug-formatted. Read more

Performs the conversion.

Instruments this type with the provided Span, returning an Instrumented wrapper. Read more

Instruments this type with the current Span, returning an Instrumented wrapper. Read more

Performs the conversion.

Converts self into a collection.

Pipes by value. This is generally the method you want to use. Read more

Borrows self and passes that borrow into the pipe function. Read more

Mutably borrows self and passes that borrow into the pipe function. Read more

Borrows self, then passes self.borrow() into the pipe function. Read more

Mutably borrows self, then passes self.borrow_mut() into the pipe function. Read more

Borrows self, then passes self.as_ref() into the pipe function.

Mutably borrows self, then passes self.as_mut() into the pipe function. Read more

Borrows self, then passes self.deref() into the pipe function.

Mutably borrows self, then passes self.deref_mut() into the pipe function. Read more

Pipes a value into a function that cannot ordinarily be called in suffix position. Read more

Pipes a trait borrow into a function that cannot normally be called in suffix position. Read more

Pipes a trait mutable borrow into a function that cannot normally be called in suffix position. Read more

Pipes a trait borrow into a function that cannot normally be called in suffix position. Read more

Pipes a trait mutable borrow into a function that cannot normally be called in suffix position. Read more

Pipes a dereference into a function that cannot normally be called in suffix position. Read more

Pipes a mutable dereference into a function that cannot normally be called in suffix position. Read more

Pipes a reference into a function that cannot ordinarily be called in suffix position. Read more

Pipes a mutable reference into a function that cannot ordinarily be called in suffix position. Read more

Should always be Self

Immutable access to a value. Read more

Mutable access to a value. Read more

Immutable access to the Borrow<B> of a value. Read more

Mutable access to the BorrowMut<B> of a value. Read more

Immutable access to the AsRef<R> view of a value. Read more

Mutable access to the AsMut<R> view of a value. Read more

Immutable access to the Deref::Target of a value. Read more

Mutable access to the Deref::Target of a value. Read more

Calls .tap() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds.

Calls .tap_mut() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds. Read more

Calls .tap_borrow() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds. Read more

Calls .tap_borrow_mut() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds. Read more

Calls .tap_ref() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds. Read more

Calls .tap_ref_mut() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds. Read more

Calls .tap_deref() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds. Read more

Calls .tap_deref_mut() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds. Read more

Provides immutable access for inspection. Read more

Calls tap in debug builds, and does nothing in release builds.

Provides mutable access for modification. Read more

Calls tap_mut in debug builds, and does nothing in release builds.

Provides immutable access to the reference for inspection.

Calls tap_ref in debug builds, and does nothing in release builds.

Provides mutable access to the reference for modification.

Calls tap_ref_mut in debug builds, and does nothing in release builds.

Provides immutable access to the borrow for inspection. Read more

Calls tap_borrow in debug builds, and does nothing in release builds.

Provides mutable access to the borrow for modification.

Calls tap_borrow_mut in debug builds, and does nothing in release builds. Read more

Immutably dereferences self for inspection.

Calls tap_deref in debug builds, and does nothing in release builds.

Mutably dereferences self for modification.

Calls tap_deref_mut in debug builds, and does nothing in release builds. Read more

Converts the given value to a String. Read more

Attempts to convert self into T using TryInto<T>. Read more

Attempts to convert self into a target type. Read more

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.