Enum rocket::http::uri::Uri[]

pub enum Uri<'a> {
    Origin(Origin<'a>),
    Authority(Authority<'a>),
    Absolute(Absolute<'a>),
    Asterisk,
}
Expand description

An enum encapsulating any of the possible URI variants.

Usage

In Rocket, this type will rarely be used directly. Instead, you will typically encounter URIs via the Origin type. This is because all incoming requests contain origin-type URIs.

Nevertheless, the Uri type is typically enountered as a conversion target. In particular, you will likely see generic bounds of the form: T: TryInto<Uri> (for instance, in Redirect methods). This means that you can provide any type T that implements TryInto<Uri>, or, equivalently, any type U for which Uri implements TryFrom<U> or From<U>. These include &str and String, Origin, Authority, and Absolute.

Parsing

The Uri type implements a full, zero-allocation, zero-copy RFC 7230 compliant parser. To parse an &str into a Uri, use the Uri::parse() method. Alternatively, you may also use the TryFrom<&str> and TryFrom<String> trait implementation. To inspect the parsed type, match on the resulting enum and use the methods of the internal structure.

Percent Encoding/Decoding

This type also provides the following percent encoding/decoding helper methods: Uri::percent_encode(), Uri::percent_decode(), and Uri::percent_decode_lossy().

Variants

Origin(Origin<'a>)

An origin URI.

Authority(Authority<'a>)

An authority URI.

Absolute(Absolute<'a>)

An absolute URI.

Asterisk

An asterisk: exactly *.

Implementations

impl<'a> Uri<'a>

pub fn parse(string: &'a str) -> Result<Uri<'a>, Error<'a>>

Parses the string string into a Uri. Parsing will never allocate. Returns an Error if string is not a valid URI.

Example

use rocket::http::uri::Uri;

// Parse a valid origin URI (note: in practice, use `Origin::parse()`).
let uri = Uri::parse("/a/b/c?query").expect("valid URI");
let origin = uri.origin().expect("origin URI");
assert_eq!(origin.path(), "/a/b/c");
assert_eq!(origin.query(), Some("query"));

// Invalid URIs fail to parse.
Uri::parse("foo bar").expect_err("invalid URI");

pub fn origin(&self) -> Option<&Origin<'a>>

Returns the internal instance of Origin if self is a Uri::Origin. Otherwise, returns None.

Example

use rocket::http::uri::Uri;

let uri = Uri::parse("/a/b/c?query").expect("valid URI");
assert!(uri.origin().is_some());

let uri = Uri::parse("http://google.com").expect("valid URI");
assert!(uri.origin().is_none());

pub fn authority(&self) -> Option<&Authority<'a>>

Returns the internal instance of Authority if self is a Uri::Authority. Otherwise, returns None.

Example

use rocket::http::uri::Uri;

let uri = Uri::parse("user:pass@domain.com").expect("valid URI");
assert!(uri.authority().is_some());

let uri = Uri::parse("http://google.com").expect("valid URI");
assert!(uri.authority().is_none());

pub fn absolute(&self) -> Option<&Absolute<'a>>

Returns the internal instance of Absolute if self is a Uri::Absolute. Otherwise, returns None.

Example

use rocket::http::uri::Uri;

let uri = Uri::parse("http://google.com").expect("valid URI");
assert!(uri.absolute().is_some());

let uri = Uri::parse("/path").expect("valid URI");
assert!(uri.absolute().is_none());

pub fn percent_encode(string: &str) -> Cow<'_, str>

Returns a URL-encoded version of the string. Any reserved characters are percent-encoded.

Examples

use rocket::http::uri::Uri;

let encoded = Uri::percent_encode("hello?a=<b>hi</b>");
assert_eq!(encoded, "hello%3Fa%3D%3Cb%3Ehi%3C%2Fb%3E");

pub fn percent_decode(string: &[u8]) -> Result<Cow<'_, str>, Utf8Error>

Returns a URL-decoded version of the string. If the percent encoded values are not valid UTF-8, an Err is returned.

Examples

use rocket::http::uri::Uri;

let decoded = Uri::percent_decode("/Hello%2C%20world%21".as_bytes());
assert_eq!(decoded.unwrap(), "/Hello, world!");

pub fn percent_decode_lossy(string: &[u8]) -> Cow<'_, str>

Returns a URL-decoded version of the path. Any invalid UTF-8 percent-encoded byte sequences will be replaced � U+FFFD, the replacement character.

Examples

use rocket::http::uri::Uri;

let decoded = Uri::percent_decode_lossy("/Hello%2C%20world%21".as_bytes());
assert_eq!(decoded, "/Hello, world!");

Trait Implementations

impl<'a> Clone for Uri<'a>

pub fn clone(&self) -> Uri<'a>

Returns a copy of the value. Read more

fn clone_from(&mut self, source: &Self)1.0.0[src]

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

impl<'a> Debug for Uri<'a>

pub fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result<(), Error>

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

impl<'a> Display for Uri<'a>

pub fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result<(), Error>

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

impl<'a> From<Absolute<'a>> for Uri<'a>

pub fn from(other: Absolute<'a>) -> Uri<'a>

Performs the conversion.

impl<'a> From<Authority<'a>> for Uri<'a>

pub fn from(other: Authority<'a>) -> Uri<'a>

Performs the conversion.

impl<'a> From<Origin<'a>> for Uri<'a>

pub fn from(other: Origin<'a>) -> Uri<'a>

Performs the conversion.

impl<'a> IntoOwned for Uri<'a>

type Owned = Uri<'static>

The owned version of the type.

pub fn into_owned(self) -> Uri<'static>

Converts self into an owned version of itself.

impl<'a> PartialEq<Uri<'a>> for Uri<'a>

pub fn eq(&self, other: &Uri<'a>) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

pub fn ne(&self, other: &Uri<'a>) -> bool

This method tests for !=.

impl<'a> TryFrom<&'a str> for Uri<'a>

type Error = Error<'a>

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

pub fn try_from(
    string: &'a str
) -> Result<Uri<'a>, <Uri<'a> as TryFrom<&'a str>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.

impl TryFrom<String> for Uri<'static>

type Error = Error<'static>

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

pub fn try_from(
    string: String
) -> Result<Uri<'static>, <Uri<'static> as TryFrom<String>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.

impl<'a> StructuralPartialEq for Uri<'a>

Auto Trait Implementations

impl<'a> !RefUnwindSafe for Uri<'a>

impl<'a> Send for Uri<'a>

impl<'a> Sync for Uri<'a>

impl<'a> Unpin for Uri<'a>

impl<'a> UnwindSafe for Uri<'a>

Blanket Implementations

impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized
[src]

pub fn type_id(&self) -> TypeId[src]

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

impl<T, I> AsResult<T, I> for T where
    I: Input
[src]

pub fn as_result(self) -> Result<T, ParseErr<I>>[src]

impl<T> Borrow<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

pub fn borrow(&self) -> &T[src]

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

pub fn borrow_mut(&mut self) -> &mut T[src]

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

impl<T> From<T> for T[src]

pub fn from(t: T) -> T[src]

Performs the conversion.

impl<T, U> Into<U> for T where
    U: From<T>, 
[src]

pub fn into(self) -> U[src]

Performs the conversion.

impl<T> IntoCollection<T> for T

pub fn into_collection<A>(self) -> SmallVec<A> where
    A: Array<Item = T>, 

Converts self into a collection.

pub fn mapped<U, F, A>(self, f: F) -> SmallVec<A> where
    F: FnMut(T) -> U,
    A: Array<Item = U>, 

impl<T> Same<T> for T

type Output = T

Should always be Self

impl<T> ToOwned for T where
    T: Clone
[src]

type Owned = T

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.

pub fn to_owned(&self) -> T[src]

Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more

pub fn clone_into(&self, target: &mut T)[src]

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (toowned_clone_into)

recently added

Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more

impl<T> ToString for T where
    T: Display + ?Sized
[src]

pub default fn to_string(&self) -> String[src]

Converts the given value to a String. Read more

impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for T where
    U: Into<T>, 
[src]

type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

pub fn try_from(value: U) -> Result<T, <T as TryFrom<U>>::Error>[src]

Performs the conversion.

impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 
[src]

type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

pub fn try_into(self) -> Result<U, <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error>[src]

Performs the conversion.

impl<T> Typeable for T where
    T: Any

fn get_type(&self) -> TypeId

Get the TypeId of this object.

impl<V, T> VZip<V> for T where
    V: MultiLane<T>, 

pub fn vzip(self) -> V