Struct rocket::http::uri::Origin[]

pub struct Origin<'a> { /* fields omitted */ }
Expand description

A URI with an absolute path and optional query: /path?query.

Origin URIs are the primary type of URI encountered in Rocket applications. They are also the simplest type of URIs, made up of only a path and an optional query.

Structure

The following diagram illustrates the syntactic structure of an origin URI:

/first_segment/second_segment/third?optional=query
|---------------------------------| |------------|
                path                    query

The URI must begin with a /, can be followed by any number of segments, and an optional ? query separator and query string.

Normalization

Rocket prefers, and will sometimes require, origin URIs to be normalized. A normalized origin URI is a valid origin URI that contains zero empty segments except when there are no segments.

As an example, the following URIs are all valid, normalized URIs:

"/",
"/a/b/c",
"/a/b/c?q",
"/hello?lang=en",
"/some%20thing?q=foo&lang=fr",

By contrast, the following are valid but non-normal URIs:

"//",               // one empty segment
"/a/b/",            // trailing empty segment
"/a/ab//c//d",      // two empty segments
"/?a&&b",           // empty query segment
"/?foo&",           // trailing empty query segment

The Origin::into_normalized() method can be used to normalize any Origin:

// non-normal versions
"//", "/a/b/", "/a/ab//c//d", "/a?a&&b&",

// normalized versions
"/",  "/a/b",  "/a/ab/c/d", "/a?a&b",

(De)serialization

Origin is both Serialize and Deserialize:

use serde::{Serialize, Deserialize};
use rocket::http::uri::Origin;

#[derive(Deserialize, Serialize)]
struct UriOwned {
    uri: Origin<'static>,
}

#[derive(Deserialize, Serialize)]
struct UriBorrowed<'a> {
    uri: Origin<'a>,
}

Implementations

impl<'a> Origin<'a>

pub fn parse(string: &'a str) -> Result<Origin<'a>, Error<'a>>

Parses the string string into an Origin. Parsing will never allocate. Returns an Error if string is not a valid origin URI.

Example

use rocket::http::uri::Origin;

// Parse a valid origin URI.
let uri = Origin::parse("/a/b/c?query").expect("valid URI");
assert_eq!(uri.path(), "/a/b/c");
assert_eq!(uri.query().unwrap(), "query");

// Invalid URIs fail to parse.
Origin::parse("foo bar").expect_err("invalid URI");

// Prefer to use `uri!()` when the input is statically known:
let uri = uri!("/a/b/c?query");
assert_eq!(uri.path(), "/a/b/c");
assert_eq!(uri.query().unwrap(), "query");

pub fn parse_owned(string: String) -> Result<Origin<'static>, Error<'static>>

Parses the string string into an Origin. Never allocates on success. May allocate on error.

This method should be used instead of Origin::parse() when the source URI is already a String. Returns an Error if string is not a valid origin URI.

Example

use rocket::http::uri::Origin;

let source = format!("/foo/{}/three", 2);
let uri = Origin::parse_owned(source).expect("valid URI");
assert_eq!(uri.path(), "/foo/2/three");
assert!(uri.query().is_none());

pub fn path(&self) -> Path<'_>

Returns the path part of this URI.

Example

let uri = uri!("/a/b/c");
assert_eq!(uri.path(), "/a/b/c");

let uri = uri!("/a/b/c?name=bob");
assert_eq!(uri.path(), "/a/b/c");

pub fn query(&self) -> Option<Query<'_>>

Returns the query part of this URI without the question mark, if there is any.

Example

let uri = uri!("/a/b/c?alphabet=true");
assert_eq!(uri.query().unwrap(), "alphabet=true");

let uri = uri!("/a/b/c");
assert!(uri.query().is_none());

pub fn map_path<'s, F, P>(&'s self, f: F) -> Option<Origin<'a>> where
    F: FnOnce(&'s RawStr) -> P,
    P: Into<RawStrBuf> + 's, 

Applies the function f to the internal path and returns a new Origin with the new path. If the path returned from f is invalid, returns None. Otherwise, returns Some, even if the new path is abnormal.

Examples

Affix a trailing slash if one isn’t present.

let uri = uri!("/a/b/c");
let expected_uri = uri!("/a/b/c/d");
assert_eq!(uri.map_path(|p| format!("{}/d", p)), Some(expected_uri));

let uri = uri!("/a/b/c");
let abnormal_map = uri.map_path(|p| format!("{}///d", p));
assert_eq!(abnormal_map.unwrap(), "/a/b/c///d");

let uri = uri!("/a/b/c");
let expected = uri!("/b/c");
let mapped = uri.map_path(|p| p.strip_prefix("/a").unwrap_or(p));
assert_eq!(mapped, Some(expected));

let uri = uri!("/a");
assert_eq!(uri.map_path(|p| p.strip_prefix("/a").unwrap_or(p)), None);

let uri = uri!("/a/b/c");
assert_eq!(uri.map_path(|p| format!("hi/{}", p)), None);

pub fn clear_query(&mut self)

Removes the query part of this URI, if there is any.

Example

let mut uri = uri!("/a/b/c?query=some");
assert_eq!(uri.query().unwrap(), "query=some");

uri.clear_query();
assert!(uri.query().is_none());

pub fn is_normalized(&self) -> bool

Returns true if self is normalized. Otherwise, returns false.

See Normalization for more information on what it means for an origin URI to be normalized. Note that uri!() always normalizes static input.

Example

use rocket::http::uri::Origin;

assert!(Origin::parse("/").unwrap().is_normalized());
assert!(Origin::parse("/a/b/c").unwrap().is_normalized());
assert!(Origin::parse("/a/b/c?a=b&c").unwrap().is_normalized());

assert!(!Origin::parse("/a/b/c//d").unwrap().is_normalized());
assert!(!Origin::parse("/a?q&&b").unwrap().is_normalized());

assert!(uri!("/a/b/c//d").is_normalized());
assert!(uri!("/a?q&&b").is_normalized());

pub fn normalize(&mut self)

Normalizes self. This is a no-op if self is already normalized.

See Normalization for more information on what it means for an origin URI to be normalized.

Example

use rocket::http::uri::Origin;

let mut abnormal = Origin::parse("/a/b/c//d").unwrap();
assert!(!abnormal.is_normalized());
abnormal.normalize();
assert!(abnormal.is_normalized());

pub fn into_normalized(self) -> Origin<'a>

Consumes self and returns a normalized version.

This is a no-op if self is already normalized. See Normalization for more information on what it means for an origin URI to be normalized.

Example

use rocket::http::uri::Origin;

let abnormal = Origin::parse("/a/b/c//d").unwrap();
assert!(!abnormal.is_normalized());
assert!(abnormal.into_normalized().is_normalized());

Trait Implementations

impl<'a> Clone for Origin<'a>

pub fn clone(&self) -> Origin<'a>

Returns a copy of the value. Read more

fn clone_from(&mut self, source: &Self)1.0.0[src]

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

impl<'a> Debug for Origin<'a>

pub fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result<(), Error>

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

impl<'a, 'de> Deserialize<'de> for Origin<'a>

pub fn deserialize<D>(
    deserializer: D
) -> Result<Origin<'a>, <D as Deserializer<'de>>::Error> where
    D: Deserializer<'de>, 

Deserialize this value from the given Serde deserializer. Read more

impl<'_> Display for Origin<'_>

pub fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result<(), Error>

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

impl<'a> From<Origin<'a>> for Reference<'a>

pub fn from(origin: Origin<'a>) -> Reference<'a>

Performs the conversion.

impl<'a> From<Origin<'a>> for Uri<'a>

pub fn from(other: Origin<'a>) -> Uri<'a>

Performs the conversion.

impl<'r> FromRequest<'r> for &'r Origin<'r>[src]

type Error = Infallible

The associated error to be returned if derivation fails.

fn from_request<'life0, 'async_trait>(
    request: &'r Request<'life0>
) -> Pin<Box<dyn Future<Output = Outcome<Self, Self::Error>> + Send + 'async_trait>> where
    'r: 'async_trait,
    'life0: 'async_trait,
    Self: 'async_trait, 
[src]

Derives an instance of Self from the incoming request metadata. Read more

impl<'_> Hash for Origin<'_>

pub fn hash<H>(&self, state: &mut H) where
    H: Hasher

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more

fn hash_slice<H>(data: &[Self], state: &mut H) where
    H: Hasher
1.3.0[src]

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more

impl<'_> IntoOwned for Origin<'_>

type Owned = Origin<'static>

The owned version of the type.

pub fn into_owned(self) -> Origin<'static>

Converts self into an owned version of itself.

impl<'_, '_> PartialEq<&'_ str> for Origin<'_>

pub fn eq(&self, other: &&str) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

#[must_use]
fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool
1.0.0[src]

This method tests for !=.

impl<'_> PartialEq<Origin<'_>> for str

pub fn eq(&self, other: &Origin<'_>) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

#[must_use]
fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool
1.0.0[src]

This method tests for !=.

impl<'b, 'a> PartialEq<Origin<'a>> for Uri<'b>

pub fn eq(&self, other: &Origin<'a>) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

#[must_use]
fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool
1.0.0[src]

This method tests for !=.

impl<'a, 'b> PartialEq<Origin<'b>> for Origin<'a>

pub fn eq(&self, other: &Origin<'b>) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

#[must_use]
fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool
1.0.0[src]

This method tests for !=.

impl<'a, 'b> PartialEq<Origin<'b>> for RouteUri<'a>[src]

fn eq(&self, other: &Origin<'b>) -> bool[src]

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

#[must_use]
fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool
1.0.0[src]

This method tests for !=.

impl<'b, 'a> PartialEq<Uri<'b>> for Origin<'a>

pub fn eq(&self, other: &Uri<'b>) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

#[must_use]
fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool
1.0.0[src]

This method tests for !=.

impl<'_> PartialEq<str> for Origin<'_>

pub fn eq(&self, other: &str) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

#[must_use]
fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool
1.0.0[src]

This method tests for !=.

impl<'a> Serialize for Origin<'a>

pub fn serialize<S>(
    &self,
    serializer: S
) -> Result<<S as Serializer>::Ok, <S as Serializer>::Error> where
    S: Serializer

Serialize this value into the given Serde serializer. Read more

impl<'a> TryFrom<&'a String> for Origin<'a>

type Error = Error<'a>

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

pub fn try_from(
    value: &'a String
) -> Result<Origin<'a>, <Origin<'a> as TryFrom<&'a String>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.

impl<'a> TryFrom<&'a str> for Origin<'a>

type Error = Error<'a>

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

pub fn try_from(
    value: &'a str
) -> Result<Origin<'a>, <Origin<'a> as TryFrom<&'a str>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.

impl TryFrom<String> for Origin<'static>

type Error = Error<'static>

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

pub fn try_from(
    value: String
) -> Result<Origin<'static>, <Origin<'static> as TryFrom<String>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.

impl<'a> TryFrom<Uri<'a>> for Origin<'a>

type Error = TryFromUriError

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

pub fn try_from(
    uri: Uri<'a>
) -> Result<Origin<'a>, <Origin<'a> as TryFrom<Uri<'a>>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.

impl<'_> Eq for Origin<'_>

Auto Trait Implementations

impl<'a> !RefUnwindSafe for Origin<'a>

impl<'a> Send for Origin<'a>

impl<'a> Sync for Origin<'a>

impl<'a> Unpin for Origin<'a>

impl<'a> UnwindSafe for Origin<'a>

Blanket Implementations

impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized
[src]

pub fn type_id(&self) -> TypeId[src]

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

impl<T> Borrow<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

pub fn borrow(&self) -> &T[src]

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

pub fn borrow_mut(&mut self) -> &mut T[src]

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

impl<T> CallHasher for T where
    T: Hash

pub fn get_hash<H>(&self, hasher: H) -> u64 where
    H: Hasher

impl<Q, K> Equivalent<K> for Q where
    K: Borrow<Q> + ?Sized,
    Q: Eq + ?Sized
[src]

pub fn equivalent(&self, key: &K) -> bool[src]

Compare self to key and return true if they are equal.

impl<T> From<T> for T[src]

pub fn from(t: T) -> T[src]

Performs the conversion.

impl<T> Instrument for T[src]

fn instrument(self, span: Span) -> Instrumented<Self>[src]

Instruments this type with the provided Span, returning an Instrumented wrapper. Read more

fn in_current_span(self) -> Instrumented<Self>[src]

Instruments this type with the current Span, returning an Instrumented wrapper. Read more

impl<T, U> Into<U> for T where
    U: From<T>, 
[src]

pub fn into(self) -> U[src]

Performs the conversion.

impl<T> IntoCollection<T> for T

pub fn into_collection<A>(self) -> SmallVec<A> where
    A: Array<Item = T>, 

Converts self into a collection.

pub fn mapped<U, F, A>(self, f: F) -> SmallVec<A> where
    F: FnMut(T) -> U,
    A: Array<Item = U>, 

impl<T> Same<T> for T

type Output = T

Should always be Self

impl<T> ToOwned for T where
    T: Clone
[src]

type Owned = T

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.

pub fn to_owned(&self) -> T[src]

Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more

pub fn clone_into(&self, target: &mut T)[src]

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (toowned_clone_into)

recently added

Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more

impl<T> ToString for T where
    T: Display + ?Sized
[src]

pub default fn to_string(&self) -> String[src]

Converts the given value to a String. Read more

impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for T where
    U: Into<T>, 
[src]

type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

pub fn try_from(value: U) -> Result<T, <T as TryFrom<U>>::Error>[src]

Performs the conversion.

impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 
[src]

type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

pub fn try_into(self) -> Result<U, <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error>[src]

Performs the conversion.

impl<V, T> VZip<V> for T where
    V: MultiLane<T>, 

pub fn vzip(self) -> V

impl<T> DeserializeOwned for T where
    T: for<'de> Deserialize<'de>, 
[src]