Struct rocket::http::Accept[]

pub struct Accept(_);
Expand description

The HTTP Accept header.

An Accept header is composed of zero or more media types, each of which may have an optional quality value (a QMediaType). The header is sent by an HTTP client to describe the formats it accepts as well as the order in which it prefers different formats.

Usage

The Accept header of an incoming request can be retrieved via the Request::accept() method. The preferred() method can be used to retrieve the client’s preferred media type.

An Accept type with a single, common media type can be easily constructed via provided associated constants.

Example

Construct an Accept header with a single application/json media type:

use rocket::http::Accept;

let accept_json = Accept::JSON;

Header

Accept implements Into<Header>. As such, it can be used in any context where an Into<Header> is expected:

use rocket::http::Accept;
use rocket::response::Response;

let response = Response::build().header(Accept::JSON).finalize();

Implementations

Constructs a new Accept header from one or more media types.

The items parameter may be of type QMediaType, [QMediaType], &[QMediaType] or Vec<QMediaType>. To prevent additional allocations, prefer to provide inputs of type QMediaType, [QMediaType], or Vec<QMediaType>.

Example

use rocket::http::{QMediaType, MediaType, Accept};

// Construct an `Accept` via a `Vec<QMediaType>`.
let json_then_html = vec![MediaType::JSON.into(), MediaType::HTML.into()];
let accept = Accept::new(json_then_html);
assert_eq!(accept.preferred().media_type(), &MediaType::JSON);

// Construct an `Accept` via an `[QMediaType]`.
let accept = Accept::new([MediaType::JSON.into(), MediaType::HTML.into()]);
assert_eq!(accept.preferred().media_type(), &MediaType::JSON);

// Construct an `Accept` via a `QMediaType`.
let accept = Accept::new(QMediaType(MediaType::JSON, None));
assert_eq!(accept.preferred().media_type(), &MediaType::JSON);

Retrieve the client’s preferred media type. This method follows RFC 7231 5.3.2. If the list of media types is empty, this method returns a media type of any with no quality value: (*/*).

Example

use rocket::http::{QMediaType, MediaType, Accept};

let media_types = vec![
    QMediaType(MediaType::JSON, Some(0.3)),
    QMediaType(MediaType::HTML, Some(0.9))
];

let accept = Accept::new(media_types);
assert_eq!(accept.preferred().media_type(), &MediaType::HTML);

Retrieve the first media type in self, if any.

Example

use rocket::http::{QMediaType, MediaType, Accept};

let accept = Accept::new(QMediaType(MediaType::XML, None));
assert_eq!(accept.first(), Some(&MediaType::XML.into()));

Returns an iterator over all of the (quality) media types in self. Media types are returned in the order in which they appear in the header.

Example

use rocket::http::{QMediaType, MediaType, Accept};

let qmedia_types = vec![
    QMediaType(MediaType::JSON, Some(0.3)),
    QMediaType(MediaType::HTML, Some(0.9))
];

let accept = Accept::new(qmedia_types.clone());

let mut iter = accept.iter();
assert_eq!(iter.next(), Some(&qmedia_types[0]));
assert_eq!(iter.next(), Some(&qmedia_types[1]));
assert_eq!(iter.next(), None);

Returns an iterator over all of the (bare) media types in self. Media types are returned in the order in which they appear in the header.

Example

use rocket::http::{QMediaType, MediaType, Accept};

let qmedia_types = vec![
    QMediaType(MediaType::JSON, Some(0.3)),
    QMediaType(MediaType::HTML, Some(0.9))
];

let accept = Accept::new(qmedia_types.clone());

let mut iter = accept.media_types();
assert_eq!(iter.next(), Some(qmedia_types[0].media_type()));
assert_eq!(iter.next(), Some(qmedia_types[1].media_type()));
assert_eq!(iter.next(), None);

An Accept header with the single media type for any media type :

/

An Accept header with the single media type for binary data : application / octet-stream

An Accept header with the single media type for binary data : application / octet-stream

An Accept header with the single media type for HTML : text / html

An Accept header with the single media type for plain text : text / plain

An Accept header with the single media type for plain text : text / plain

An Accept header with the single media type for JSON : application / json

An Accept header with the single media type for MsgPack : application / msgpack

An Accept header with the single media type for forms : application / x-www-form-urlencoded

An Accept header with the single media type for JavaScript : application / javascript

An Accept header with the single media type for CSS : text / css

An Accept header with the single media type for multipart form data : multipart / form-data

An Accept header with the single media type for XML : text / xml

An Accept header with the single media type for CSV : text / csv

An Accept header with the single media type for PNG : image / png

An Accept header with the single media type for GIF : image / gif

An Accept header with the single media type for BMP : image / bmp

An Accept header with the single media type for JPEG : image / jpeg

An Accept header with the single media type for WEBP : image / webp

An Accept header with the single media type for AVIF : image / avif

An Accept header with the single media type for SVG : image / svg+xml

An Accept header with the single media type for Icon : image / x-icon

An Accept header with the single media type for WEBM : video / webm

An Accept header with the single media type for WEBM Audio : audio / webm

An Accept header with the single media type for OGG Video : video / ogg

An Accept header with the single media type for FLAC : audio / flac

An Accept header with the single media type for WAV : audio / wav

An Accept header with the single media type for PDF : application / pdf

An Accept header with the single media type for TTF : application / font-sfnt

An Accept header with the single media type for OTF : application / font-sfnt

An Accept header with the single media type for WOFF : application / font-woff

An Accept header with the single media type for WOFF2 : font / woff2

An Accept header with the single media type for JSON API : application / vnd.api+json

An Accept header with the single media type for WASM : application / wasm

An Accept header with the single media type for TIFF : image / tiff

An Accept header with the single media type for AAC Audio : audio / aac

An Accept header with the single media type for iCalendar : text / calendar

An Accept header with the single media type for MPEG Video : video / mpeg

An Accept header with the single media type for tape archive : application / x-tar

An Accept header with the single media type for gzipped binary : application / gzip

An Accept header with the single media type for quicktime video : video / quicktime

An Accept header with the single media type for MPEG4 Video : video / mp4

An Accept header with the single media type for ZIP archive : application / zip

An Accept header with the single media type for SSE stream : text / event-stream

An Accept header with the single media type for markdown text : text / markdown

Trait Implementations

Returns a copy of the value. Read more

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Creates a new Header with name Accept and the value set to the HTTP rendering of this Accept header.

Performs the conversion.

Performs the conversion.

The associated error to be returned if derivation fails.

Derives an instance of Self from the incoming request metadata. Read more

The associated error which can be returned from parsing.

Parses a string s to return a value of this type. Read more

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.

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